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Obama’s Patronage System: Pritzker Nomination for Commerce Department, Limp-Wristed Dodd Frank

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The consternation at the not-exactly-a-surprise nomination of billionaire Penny Pritzker to be Commerce Secretary, is sadly much less than is warranted. That suggests that the Forbes 400 member will survive her confirmation hearings. And in a telling bit of synchronicity, last week some fauxgressives set about amplifying an article in the Nation that big bank lobbying efforts were the reason Dodd Frank was amounting to very little. As we’ll discuss, both reflect how much Obama supports the interests of the FIRE sector (finance, insurance, and real estate). Dodd Frank is failing because it was designed to fail; the banks getting to have as much influence over it as they have is a feature, not a bug.

The basic facts of the Pritzker nomination haven’t improved since her name was first mooted in 2008, when she withdrew her name out of concern that she had too much baggage to win approval. Yet the tone of the latest New York Times story on her nomination sounds cautiously optimistic, even though if anything the facts are worse this time around.

In 2008, the Grey Lady ran an article that pointed out her many warts. Pritzker was the CEO of Superior Bank and put it into the subprime lending business. She continued to be on its board until it went bust in 2001 for alleged fraud and mismanagement. Pritzker’s allies lamely tried distancing her from the bank failure by saying she wasn’t running the bank at the time. Sorry, directors have a duty of care, and as a former CEO plus representative of its big backers, any board members who were concerned about the risks the bank was taking would have found it difficult to prevail against her views (particularly since board members were almost certainly selected for either their loyalty to the Pritzkers or their value as ornaments).

Pritzker’s second wart was her family’s tax evasion. The Times in 2008:

Ms. Pritzker’s family is renowned for finding ways to avoid paying taxes on its wealth. The Pritzkers were pioneers in using tax loopholes to shelter their holdings from the Internal Revenue Service, and many of their dealings have never been made public.

A Daily Kos update in 2012 (hat tip Suzie Madrak):
But there is one thing all Pritzkers have, almost as part of their DNA: tax dodging. Since the patriarch A. N.

Pritzker set up that endless series of Bahamian trusts to dodge federal taxes back in the 1960s and 1970s, tax dodging (the “legal” kind that billionaires and millionaires can afford to do) has been a Pritzker family speciality, even when there are disagreements within the clan. Anyone who wants to read the SEC filings on behalf of the various Pritzker owners of the Hyatt Hotels can go numb reading each of those reports that dead ends in a Trust in Nassau.

Kos quotes a Crains’ Business report that reveals how horrifically unwilling the Penny Pritzker is to carry her own weight as a citizen:

According to documents from the Cook County assessor’s office, political fundraiser Penny Pritzker and her husband, Bryan Traubert, an ophthalmologist and civic leader, have repeatedly appealed the tax bill on their Lincoln Park mansion.

The couple have appealed 10 times since 2006. They’ve been successful twice and are waiting to hear on two other appeals. So far, they’ve saved close to $200,000 by successfully arguing that their place — a seven-bathroom, 8,400-square-foot home on three typical city lots — was assessed at too high a value when compared with similar properties.

The public documents about the tax matters were pulled together by a labor union battling the family’s Hyatt Hotels Corp.

The family isn’t commenting on the information. The union says the data are proof that the Pritzkers skirt the system at the expense of education and parks programs that benefit from property tax revenue.

And this effort to minimize taxes that support education takes us to the next set of warts: the Pritzker involvement in union-busting and Penny Pritzker’s personal involvement in weakening public education. As Greg Palast recounts, it was the anti-union efforts that led Pritzker to withdraw her name as a Commerce Secretary candidate in 2008:

But then, in November 2008, just as Obama was about to submit her nomination to Congress, a bunch of Pritzker’s victims marched on Washington. They were not from her busted bank, but unhappy workers from the lucrative nursing homes that her family owns through a string of complex offshore trusts. Obama slammed the door on Penny pronto.

The Pritzker family made its billions mostly from Hyatt Hotels and Hyatt nursing homes. Penny, on the Hyatt board of directors, is an infamously combative anti-union apostle.

But Pritzker was hardly deterred. Substance News (hat tip Erik Loomis) in 2012 detailed some of Pritzker’s more recent union sabotage efforts that the Times saw fit to overlook:

A “news” story in The New York Times discusses problems between Penny Pritzker and “labor” and leaves out the biggest confrontation of all between Penny Pritzker and unions in Chicago: her role as one of seven voting members of the Chicago Board of Education, appointed by Mayor Rahm Emanuel one year ago, or her ongoing role in the teacher bashing and union busting agenda of the former White House Chief of Staff that will come to a major confrontation in the next eight weeks. Yet that lengthy New York Times story manages to miss the elephant farting in the Times’s pup ten: Chicago Public Schools and the Pritzker agenda against real public schools, and on behalf of massive privatization, union busting, charter schools, and vastly expanded outsourcing, including in public education administration.

If you can read the coding, Pritzker is remarkably clear about the class agenda in play. A parent in the Chicago school system (hat tip Suzie Madrak) peels the onion:

Notice the notion that education as a vehicle merely to train workers is a significant degradation; even when the idea of educating women was seen as justified only as an exercise in enlightened motherhood, the repertoire of what was considered germane was much broader and would include the arts and disciplines that would foster critical thinking. Similarly, one of the reasons the French educational system was long considered a model was that it provided the same instruction across the country, with an eye of steering the best students, no matter how humble their backgrounds, to the grandes écoles. By contrast, in the Pritzker world, students are merely prospective multinational labor-fodder. Yet you see no mention of unions or questionable charter school tactics in the New York Times’ tally of her baggage. She presumably has to worry only about harassment from Republicans, and they approve of her posture on those issues.

Now the fact that Obama is heavily in the Pritzkers’ debt is no secret; Penny was Obama’s campaign finance chairman in 2008 (and make no mistake, Obama has considerably exaggerated the importance of small donors. He was and remains a machine candidate) and was co-chairman of his reelection campaign. But the roots go much, much deeper. If you haven’t read it already, I strongly urge you to read a speech by Robert Fitch to the Harlem Tenants’ Association one week after Obama’s 2008 win, in which he correctly foretold how Obama would behave towards big financial firms based on his long-standing role as a front for them. The important part is his description of the role that Obama played in the redevelopment of the near South Side of Chicago, and how he and other middle class blacks, including Valerie Jarrett and his wife Michelle, advanced at the expense of poor blacks by aligning themselves with what Fitch calls “friendly FIRE”: powerful real estate players like the Pritzkers and the Crown family, major banks, the University of Chicago, as well as non-profit community developers and real estate reverends.

Fitch on Obama

Obama’s long-standing history as a bag carrier for big banking and real estate interests means articles like “How Wall Street Defanged Dodd-Frank” at the Nation that treat Dodd Frank as a serious effort at reform are fundamentally misleading. The article starts with an infographic where this text is what you hit first:

Screen shot 2013-05-06 at 12.17.47 AM

This implies that the lobbyists swarming over the bill to neutralize it was an inevitable part of the process where the public was outgunned by well-heeled interests. No, this is simply misleading and inaccurate framing. Who were the most powerful financial services regulators while Dodd Frank was being negotiated? Timothy Geithner and Ben Bernanke, both of whom were key actors in the runup to the crisis. Not only was no important regulator turfed out, Obama promoted Geithner for failure and renominated and whipped personally for Bernanke, who faced well-deserved opposition in the Senate. Dodd Frank was written in the absence of any proper post-mortem, and thus with a very incomplete understanding of the drivers of the crisis. The one facsimile of an investigation, the FCIC, was set up to fail, with a well-intended but weak chairman (Phil Angelides), unrealistic deadlines, and a cumbersome process for approving subpoenas that assured few would be issued.

And despite its much-commented-upon length, Dodd Frank was such a punt that it was actually not legislation in the conventional sense. Rather than put rules in place, it kicked virtually all matters over to rulemakings, or worse, studies. That automatically gave the banks another go at the question of what reforms, if any, would be put in place, while all agencies remained headed by the same sort of industry-friendly regulators that got us into the crisis. As Timothy Taylor of Conversable Economist wrote in 2012:

The Dodd-Frank legislation is almost not a law in the conventional meaning of the term, because it mostly isn’t about actual specific activities that are prohibited. Instead, it’s about handing over the difficult problems to regulators and telling them to fix it. I’m not sure there was an easy alternative to this regulatory approach: the idea of Congress trying to debate, say, appropriate regulation of the over-the-counter swaps market is not an encouraging thought. But stating a goal is not the same as solving a problem. The passage of Dodd-Frank, in and of itself, didn’t solve any problems.

In fact, if anything, Dodd Frank was designed to fail. Taylor cites Wayne Abernathy of the ABA. Remember, the ABA and its allies come out winners from this process. Yet even he finds this full employment act for his industry to be overwhelming:

At least in the financial regulatory history of the United States, there has never been anything like it. I have seen no definitive count of the number of regulations that the Dodd–Frank Act calls forth. The numbers seem to range between 250 and 400—numbers so large that they are numbing. It all defies hyperbole. The Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act, adopted in 2003, astonished the financial industry with more than a dozen significant new regulations to be written. …

“One of the most common criticisms of Dodd–Frank implementation has been a lack of order and coordination in the regulatory process. Instead, the Dodd–Frank Act has succeeded in replacing the financial crisis with a regulatory crisis. … As agencies are grappling with impossible rulemaking tasks, most of them are also engaged in major structural reorganizations and shifts in the areas of responsibility. … Nothing like this has ever been tried before in the history of the United States. Writing 400 financial regulations of the highest significance and the greatest complexity in a couple of years has clearly been too much to expect. … Getting on with the work to end our self-inflicted regulatory crisis should be among the highest priorities.

You need to wrap your mind around this. Dodd Frank is such a mess that it makes demands to throw it out seem reasonable. Rather than take the time to understand the drivers of the crisis and put a few key stakes in the ground, the effort to address the many symptoms means little will get done and even less will be done well. And with so much effort invested, there’s no will to go back to the drawing board. Bills like Brown-Vitter, which give a clear set of laws that would force too big to fail banks to downsize, are an admission that Dodd Frank has failed. Despite all the enthusiasm from the remaining bank reformists, Brown-Vitter, which is a short and clear statement of how to make being too big to fail so unattractive as to force behemoth firms to downsize, has all the earmarks of a non-starter. Bank lobbyists aren’t terribly exercised about it because key actors like Carl Levin and the Treasury Department aren’t supporting it. As Richard Smith remarked, “Brown-Vitter is OK as a stick to beat Basel III with, and a good sign of the underlying tensions and disillusionment with global bank regulation, but that’s about it.”

So as always, the idea that Obama or the Democrats are somehow victims of those scheming bank lobbyists is simply a convenient fiction. We are winding up with a lot of motion and a lot of insiders getting enriched with pretty much nothing in the way of progress. And never forget that was the real plan from the get-go. With Obama, that’s the only sort of change you can believe in.

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36 comments

  1. prostratedragon

    A little thread music: “Games” by harpist and composer Dorothy Ashby, from her 1968 album Afro-Harping.

    The artwork used in the cover and other album art was supplied by the gallery Sticks and Stones, no longer extant so far as I can find, which was formerly located in the Harper Court plaza where the latest Hyatt cityscape-killer arises. Note the meticulous hygiene of its capital structure, reflecting the sprightly, gossamer grace of Ms. Ashby’s lovely tune.

  2. MaroonBulldog

    I would just say this: Dodd-Frank’s massive delegation of rulemaking authority to administrative agencies was designed to ensure that (a)the regulators will stay captured by the industries they regulate and (b)the courts will uphold the corrupt bargains that the regulators work out in notice-and-comment rulemaking proceedings just as if Congress itself had enacted them. Plus ca change, plus c’est meme chose.

    1. banger

      Exactly and well put. Everything is carefully and expertly gamed–our government is too corrupt and we passed the tipping point now there is not even a theoretical possibility for any reform–only more Kabuki theater.

      1. OpenThePodBayDoorHAL

        It’s a giant joke, on ourselves. The real baffler to me is why people continue to be completely complicit in the furthering of a society that works more and more feverishly against their own interests. Power and money concentrating upwards, until there is just one solitary mega-billionaire left standing. Is THAT when we try and right the ship? Push him off a bridge and get back to a society with a somewhat more equitable sharing of benefits?
        It seems like the joke is on us, by us. Must be some kind of Calvinist deep-seated belief that we don’t collectively deserve anything better. Joe Bageant vividly described something similar in Deer Hunting with Jesus, how rural Republicans kept voting against their own interests by returning the Bushes to power. Fascinating self-sabotage, which we Dems are now also getting very adept at.
        Maybe it’s a 12-step program. Step 1: admit we have a problem. A corporatist drone-bombing banker-forgiving billionaire-loving status quo fascist is NOT cool just because he’s young and black. There. I said it.

  3. jake chase

    Dodd Frank was always a head fake. Two inveterate bag men out front. What are they doing these days?

    DF is about as serious as the Democratic Party. And now Hillary is tuning up. George Stepanopolus and Cokie Roberts and James Carville looked positively gleeful during the two minutes I watched their act on Sunday (accidentally, I was trying to tivo the basketball games). It’s all a f***ing game to these people.

    Oh, but I forgot: the Republicans are worse, aren’t they?

    1. diptherio

      ISTM this is the main problem with our politics: for most successful politicos, R or D, it’s all just a game. ‘Tis why I quit working in politics. It’s mighty frustrating when you find out that a lot of people on your side have that attitude as well. My disillusionment started with reading the “Ends and Means” chapter in Saul Alinsky’s Rules for Radicals.

      I used to do organizing work with a guy who is now Max Baucus’ chief-of-staff or communications or something like that. He bitched about Max’s lack of spine along with the rest of us…right up until he got a job in his office. Another guy I did a lot of organizing work with became the state Republican Committee-chair after he graduated from college, where he had been a mainstay of the campus left.

      Gresham’s dynamic tends to drive the legit people away and eventually all that’s left are the actors and gamers…

      1. banger

        That’s Washington in a nutshell–good story repeated over and over again. The place is beyond redemption and should not be supported in any way.

    2. Brooklin Bridge

      Indeed. Hillary has been chosen to be our next president and our next president she will be. They are counting on sentiments of misogyny leveled by her fanatics base at any critics along with the usual horrifying Rethugs in war paint to get them through any accidents where facts crop up. It’s amazing to watch people like Biden go through his song and dance routine yet another time as if he were actually running. You really can fool enough people enough of the time.

      1. MaroonBulldog

        “The Republicans are worse, aren’t they: a rhetorical question”–reminds me of Tolstoy’s comment about the difference between cat waste and dog waste.

        1. Brooklin Bridge

          Personally, I like the distinction John Kenneth Galbraith made when asked the difference between Capitalism and Communism (which would serve perfectly for the difference between Republicans and Democrats); “Well, in Capitalism man exploits man whereas in Communism it’s the other way round.”

          But at the end of the day you’re right, dog and cat sh*t are more contemporary and more appropriate terms. They convey the appropriate sense of hope and optimism our politicians inspire as well as the proper sense of gravitas for that class of people.

          1. MaroonBulldog

            Actually, given the choice of cleaning up dog poop or cat poop, and cleaning up the mess of things our politicians make, I’d rather clean up after the pets.

  4. Bravo

    Who better to expand the oligarchist agenda than the likes of Penny Pritzker? If she loved subprime lending, she could surely be expected to support the notion that the continued neutering of Dodd Frank is good for business. Wake me up when the next crisis arrives. More change that we can believe in, that is anything but.

  5. Chris

    I was wondering when you were going to post about this mess. Obama sinks to a new low.

  6. Dana

    “Limp-wristed,” seriously? In a headline immediately above the story about Niall Ferguson’s homophobic rant, even?

      1. curlydan

        I’d second that. In a world of “sharing” articles, it’s probably more conducive to sharing if you don’t have a term in the headline too often (even if incorrectly) applied to gay men.

      2. my pearl necklace

        Oh, I don’t care about that. I just think flaccid is more offensive and insulting, especially if you say it while drooping your pinky and leering.

    1. Yves Smith Post author

      Maybe I’ve lived in NYC too long and have run into quite a few heavily-muscled, fierce looking gay men, but I don’t see “limp wristed” as specifically homosexual, although I can see it including that. I think of the headmaster who goes through the motions of disciplining a student with a rod but lets his wrist bend so no real force is delivered. I don’t see that headmaster as being gay but simply not being interested in punishment.

      1. tyler

        I love how Yves can just close out things. I mean, is anyone going to seriously try to respond to/outwit above comment? Ah shit, I just did – sans the outwitting.

        G’night, everybody!

  7. washunate

    I find it very revealing contrasting pieces like this about what is actually happening in our society with the pieces about academic discussions of austerity. Who cares how much money is being spent?

    The issue is that a predatory class of psychopaths is destroying the country. Wealth concentration is the main policy challenge to address – aggregate demand is just a symptom of an unequal society.

    1. sd

      You’d think it would be obvious to see, no? The only question in my mind is how will we avoid a violent uprising in response?

      1. washunate

        Right on. Success over the next few years will be much more about mitigating violent (over)reactions than what nominal GDP figures are or CPI or U3 unemployment or whatever.

        That’s what fascinates me about what is already happening in our system – how much overt force is required to keep us ‘in line’ even now, when most things are more or less still ‘functioning’ – prisons, SWAT teams, huge police budgets, unprecedented surveillance, buying off of education and media, etc. What happens when there is some sort of citizen response, either spontaneous or organized, to a future ‘shelter in place’? I mean, they canceled a sporting event in Boston. That is getting dangerously close to affecting society in much more mainstream ways than imprisoning low-income drug users or groping a few 4th amendment whiners at the airport or persecuting a few government whistleblowers.

        1. banger

          I think much depends of regions. Americans are growing more and more cynical–they may feel helpless and outflanked by the oligarchs but they are getting harder to fool. After the Boston explosions I heard a lot of people say there was something fishy about it–didn’t here it after 9/11 when it was pretty obviously fishy. We’ve changed and I believe power will flow away from Washington towards both private interests and local governments.

      2. banger

        I’m sorry there is no chance for a violent uprising Americans are too limp-wristed to do much. What we will probably have is devolution of power form the feds to the states and localities. The federal government cannot survive for long with such a lack of faith.

  8. traveler

    Even as an economic nincompoop, it’s seemed to me for quite some time that Dodd Frank is nothing if not almost completely useless. Whenever Dodd Frank is mentioned, it’s always because it doesn’t have this or it doesn’t do that. Can’t recall reading an article praising the wondrousness of DF. There doesn’t seem to be any there there that I’ve been able to figure out. Nice to have that hunch confirmed.

    I’ve recently found that I can no longer read the great articles over at The Nation without breaking into my piggy bank. A grievous loss indeed. Ah well.

    1. MaroonBulldog

      “The passage of Dodd-Frank, in itself, didn’t solve any problems”. Two points: (a) passing a law, in itself, never solves any problems. Enforcing a law solves problems. And look who the enforcer in chief is. (b) Revealing bit of dialogue about the corrupution that is Congress– Jon Stewart to Bill O’Reilly: “When are we going to come together and deal with the corruption at the heart of all these problems?” Bill O’Reilly to Jon Stewart: “They spend so much time raising money and kissing butt, they don’t even think about problem solving. But it cuts both ways. The liberal pinheads are just as bad as the right-wing pinheads.”

    2. sierra7

      Dodd/Frank was “doomed” fromt he start…
      From hundreds of pages it morphed into thousands of pages of explanations, definitions, conditional phraseology and fine printed footnotes and sub-footnotes on footnotes…..something like a giant prospectus with one page defining the instrument to be peddaled,and hundreds of pages of footnotes describing in fine print what there is “not to like” and warning that “….this instrument could be detrimental or often if not fatal to your investments”.
      But, whose to care?

        1. traveler

          An Obama “signature achievement” huh. Um hm, um hm. That’s his style for sure. Lotsa words that don’t amount to anything. Edifices of warm air.

  9. Blurtman

    Yes, Obama supports industry. Why is that surprising? I don’t like it, but it appears that some people believe we elected a saint. Get real, folks.

  10. clarence swinney

    OBAMA 2014 BUDGET
    DISCRETIONARY

    Defense-57%—Yes!- — 57% Sequester this sucker!

    Education-6%
    Govt.-6%
    Vet benefits- 6%
    Housing -5%
    Health 5%
    International-3%
    Energy/Environment-3%
    Science-3%
    Transportation 3%
    Labor-2%
    Food/Agriculture-1%

  11. JTFaraday

    “Notice the notion that education as a vehicle merely to train workers is a significant degradation; even when the idea of educating women was seen as justified only as an exercise in enlightened motherhood, the repertoire of what was considered germane was much broader and would include the arts and disciplines that would foster critical thinking… By contrast, in the Pritzker world, students are merely prospective multinational labor-fodder.”

    I think it is interesting, if understandable up to a point, how many American parents construe their children’s education in pretty much the same light, some of whom will go way out of their way to sh*t on anyone who views education in any other light.

    The narrow mentality of a fair portion of the public and the disenfranchising mentality of the predatory elite seems to work hand in glove an awful lot of the time around here.

    People who view their own kids educations that way aren’t going to bat an eyelash at whatever goes down in Chicago or Philadelphia.

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