The Wall Street Journal’s daily human interest story featured a holiday season tale of the Fuggerei, a Roman Catholic housing compound for the poor in Germany. The price of admission for those lucky enough to get in is yearly rent of one Rhein guilder, which equals 88 euro cents or $1.23, plus daily prayers for the founder, Jakob Fugger and his descendants.
How does such a marvel exist? The settlement is funded by a charitable trust, and the rent remains unchanged since the trust was established…in 1520.
Think about that. Can you think of another pool of capital that has lasted that long, let alone a commercial enterprise? The Fugger family is still well off, but no where near as rich as in Jakob Fugger’s day.
The story does not give much detail about how the trust survived (a few nasty events like the German hyperinflation and World War II intervened), and gives a few tidbits about the last 200 or so years.
The core holding is forestry properties, which is both a renewable resource and inflation-hedged (admittedly with some volatility) and also owns some local real estate. The article does not indicate whether it holds securities.
Annual returns have been 0.5% to 2.0% over inflation
A fund manager who has quite a successful track record and manages money for families once told me that most investors fail to understand the importance of preserving capital and the value of keeping inflation. He said if you could consistently beat inflation by 2 or 3 percent, you would do far better than most understand. But too many investors chase greater returns, take on undue risk and in the long haul wind up worse off than if they had set more modest and attainable objectives (and note that this manager does seek and generally achieves higher returns because that is what customers want).
There is a second, behavioral issue with seeking higher returns and accepting the attendant risks. Let’s say you do have a good year, or perhaps even a run of good years. You come to perceive this level of returns as sustainable, when it may be luck or an unusual set of investment conditions that will not persist. But human nature being what it is, most people would increase their expenditures in line with their new level of wealth, and are ill prepared for a reversal of fortune, as the last year has shown.