Michael Hudson: Fed’s $10 Trillion Defends Assets of the Rich

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Yves here. I trust you will enjoy Michael Hudson’s discussion of the Fed’s machinations and on the prospects for the economy. And please subscribe to Paul Jay’s new initiative, TheAnalysis, if you haven’t already!

Interview by Paul Jay. Originally published at TheAnalysis

The Federal Reserve is directly buying stocks, bonds, junk bonds, mortgages, junk mortgages, all to prop up the value of assets owned by the top 5%. This does not spur much new production or create jobs.

Hi, my name’s Paul Jay, and welcome to theAnalysis.news podcast. Michael Hudson is a distinguished research professor of economics at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, and also a professor at Peking University in Beijing. He’s written or edited over 10 books on international finance, economic history and the history of economic thought. His newest book is J is for Junk Economics and most recently, And Forgive Them Their Debts, which Martin Wolf of the Financial Times cited as a Book of the Year for 2018.

Thanks for joining us, Michael.

Michael Hudson

It’s good to be here, Paul.

Paul Jay

So with so much bad news in the world, and when the stock market crashed in late February, why didn’t it stay crashed? Two months after the crash to 14 month lows, So at a certain point, almost historic lows, the Nasdaq composite is closing in now on all time highs. Why?

Michael Hudson

There is only one reason for a stock or bond prices to go up. And that’s because of the flow of funds into the stock market. What had been supporting the stock market for the last 12 years was very largely stock buybacks by companies using their revenue to sort of close down their business, disinvest and buy their own stocks to at least keep the prices up. Well, what’s flowing into the market right now? Obviously, it’s not corporate profits buying their own stocks, and it’s certainly not popular money coming into the market by small investors thinking that stocks are going to earn more. All this money is coming into the market from the 10 trillion dollar bailout via the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve is going out directly and is buying stocks, bonds, junk bonds, mortgages, junk mortgages, all to prop up the value of assets.

Now, when it’s putting this money into the stock market, it’s buying stocks that are already issued and have long since —the proceeds have been spent on building factories or enterprises or as means of making money. So none of this bailout money, none of this 10 trillion going into the stock market has any effect at all on the real economy of production and consumption. It’s solely to support the assets that are held almost eighty five percent by the wealthiest 10 percent of the economy.

So the Fed has revived the stock market downturn. It’s come up, and what it said is, “Folks, you can bail out of the stock market, give us your junk bonds. That’s sort of like the Statue of Liberty for wealthy people. Give us your stocks. Sell your bonds. We’ll buy them all up at Federal Reserve expense and will purchase them. And we’ll also do our own forward buying to manipulate the stock market by promising to buy our stock, so the higher price in the forward market. So that’s going to create a speculative demand for stock. So the speculative demand for stocks by Federal Reserve manipulation and the actual flow of funding money into the stock market from the government has been pushing it back up, giving the illusion of prosperity, at least for the 10 percent.

Paul Jay

But are they actually straightforwardly buying stocks to they’re buying corporate debt, which allows them to go buy their own stocks and also just making so much money, so cheap people can buy stock?But is the Fed actually straightforwardly buying stock?

Michael Hudson

That’s what it said it’s been doing. Or it’s buying packages. It’s buying—We don’t know exactly what it is buying because it doesn’t have the report. That’s why the Treasury left the Fed to do something that doesn’t have to be followed carefully. It took up Randy Wray at Bard College’s Libby Institute about a year just to untangle what the Fed had done after 2008 and 2009 with the big Obama bailout of quantitative easing. So we’re not going to know for later what’s been happening. But certainly corporations are not buying their own stocks now because that would make that that would be a political disaster and they just wouldn’t get more bailout money. So the money is coming almost entirely from speculators or from the Fed promising to buy what speculators buy at a higher price later on. So it’s manipulating the foreign exchange market just like the Leibor market was manipulated. Almost all the financial markets these days are manipulated by high finance in cahoots with the Central Bank. And if you don’t have that central bank backing, then there’s not going to be the flow of funds going into the markets.

And certainly small investors are not buying. Regular investors have already been getting out of the stock market for quite a few years now. It’s only for our professionals, often for a computer trading gets into the act. It’s an insider’s game that is basically fueled by the Central Bank.

Paul Jay

So you wrote an article called, The Coming Financial Horror, that the Federal Reserve Chairman Powell is essentially promoting a fantasy that there’s going to be relatively quick recovery, although recently he was saying it’s not going to be quite so quick as people thought. But this stimulus program they have, whether it’s propping up the stock market or buying corporate debt or funneling money directly to corporations—Is it going to have any effect that’s longer term than what it seems to be, because one can see that if they try to get the economy going again, and they haven’t done more on the side of consumer demand, who the heck’s going to buy us off to get the economy going again?

Michael Hudson

Well, now you’ve suddenly changed to another topic, to the economy. Obviously, the stock market isn’t the economy. The real fiction and what the Federal Reserve, Powell was saying, was that somehow a recovery in the stock market means a recovery in the economy. And all it means is that the wealthy investors are bailing out of the market and moving into their gated communities and, essentially, they’re pulling out. The whole stock buyback program of the last 10 years has been disinvesting. All of the insiders and the big investors know that the game is over. That’s why there’s so much talk of moving to New Zealand. But the Coronavirus has, all of a sudden, provided a wonderful opportunity for the 10 percent. It’s enabled them to have an excuse for a huge bailout and an excuse to essentially make, enable them to get out of stocks, get out of bonds and avoid the crisis that’s coming, leading the Federal Reserve and the suckers, as they would say, holding the bag when the economy collapses. Obviously, there’s going to be a collapse, and there was going to be a collapse even before the Coronavirus. Everybody was talking about the decline in oil prices, which is not only going to hit the fracking companies and the oil companies with the low oil prices, but it’s also leading to very large defaults by Third World countries. Raw materials prices are going down. So they’re going to be a lot of third world debt defaults. They’re going to be a lot of breaks in the chain of payments. But what the Corona virus did was somehow give an excuse for the government to create all of this money, saying it was going to be for small business. Well, obviously, it has not been for small business. And, you know, just think what the Fed could have done with this 10 trillion dollars. It could have put money, revive the economy by putting the money into building means of production. Mainly in this case what’s needed is infrastructure rebuilding things like the New York City subway so people can get to work without their being so crowded that you’re probably going to catch a new virus when the regular service begins again. They could have begun rebuilding the economy, but none of this money has gone into the real economy at all. So the economy’s been left holding the bag. But at least the Fed has used this money. They did notice that they don’t call it taxpayer money for the bailout. “Taxpayer money”—-they only use that phrase when it’s for real production, or to support employment or social spending. But when when the same money is created by the same process, the support of the stock and bond market, that’s never called taxpayer money. But it’s all the same thing. So you see that all of the lobbyists have sort of been waiting with a wish list of what they would like the government to do to take all of the bad loans off their hands. And the thing to realize is that the one percent, 10 percent realizes that the game’s over and they’re trying to—

Paul Jay

What do you mean when you say the game’s is over? What do you mean the game’s over?

Michael Hudson

The idea that the debts can be paid. The idea that somehow you can put money aside, and the money will grow for you. It will give you interest. The money will somehow be pushed into the stock market by buybacks without much income and push up stock prices. The idea that you can put in a million dollars and have the money go up through stocks or bonds or real estate without having the economy grow at all. That was a game because it’s not realistic.And it was a decoupling of the financial and real estate markets from the economy, and that whole decoupling—now, finally, you can only decouple so far before the fact that the rents are not being paid, the taxes are not being paid. The states and localities are having a huge tax shortfall that is forcing them to cut back services. And the commercial real estate; half of the Empire State Building tenants have not paid their rents for March and April. About maybe 40 percent of tenants, generally in the New York City commercial buildings, restaurants, storefronts—they’re just not paying. So everybody’s expecting a break in the chain of payments. And at a certain point, the government can’t simply keep the pretense up when the economy’s plunging, and the stock markets are going up. People are going to realize, “wait a minute. Why isn’t this money creation being spent to actually revive the real economy?

Paul Jay

So what happens when, in theory, this virus comes to an end? Oh, that, who knows? It could be year, two, three. But even before the end of the virus, these back grants, as you say are piling up. Debt servicing is piling up. At some point there’s going to be mass evictions. As you’ve written, mass evictions, foreclosures, bankruptcies are going to be inevitable. You’re advocating that these deaths should simply be written off. Is that what you’re proposing? And can you imagine them actually doing that?

Well, they’re not going to be paid one way or another. That’s the important thing. Imagine the 25 million unemployed. They’re not getting paychecks. How are they getting by? The only way they can get by is to run up their credit card debt. And by running it up, they’re going to be not paying the monthly usual charge. They’re going to be subject now to interest rates on the credit card that go up now from, maybe 20 percent to twenty nine percent or even more.

Michael Hudson

Companies are reported in New York City just to be packing up and moving out of their offices, others taking all the assets they can, leading to the kind of commercial real estate collapse that people were talking about in 2008. So what’s happening now is really the end of the whole Obama bailout, the whole depression. It was all, it was never possible to have a recovery of the economy, leaving the debts in place that existed in 2008. And the Federal Reserve’s quantitative easing of about four point six trillion managed to sustain it to the coronavirus time. And then that’s left up. All of these people who don’t have a job, you can just imagine what the situation is. It’s already about half of Americans reported that they don’t have four hundred dollars available if there’s an emergency like a health emergency, and they’re reported living paycheck to paycheck. Well, if you’re living paycheck to paycheck, and you don’t have a paycheck, you can just imagine what’s going to happen. The homeless problem is going to increase.

Normally, there would be state and local spending to somehow revive the economy or make work jobs. But that’s not going to happen because the revenue is all falling. In New York and other states the quarterly, the real estate tax is going to be due in just a few weeks in June. And obviously, a lot of companies think, well, if we’re not going to be able to collect the rents because our tenants are moving out, we might as well take a risk and not pay the tax now because we may have a problem with the banks.

The banks are not lending money to the landlords, THE WORST THREAT ??? And they’re not lending money to the businesses that have been closed down so they can pay the landlords, so the landlords can pay their mortgages to the banks. So right down the line, there’s going to be this break in the chain of payments and nobody can come up with any scenario whereby the debts can be paid. Now, the question then is, how are they not going to be paid if they’re not going to be paid by large foreclosures?

The New York Times today just said that Goldman Sachs is up, foreclosed on 10,000 homes. If they’re not going to be paid by foreclosures, then the only thing to do is to bail out the debtors by wiping out their debts. Or the Federal Reserve could have even created the money to pay the debts to give to the banks and save them. That’s what Obama had promised to do in 2008. Somehow he was going to enable the victims of the junk mortgages to pay the banks while they write down the value of the mortgage, the real value of the property, not the fictitious value. None of that was done. So right now, if the debts can’t be paid and you have foreclosures, then you’re going to have a very sharp concentration of property in the country and also home ownership. You, you’ve had homeownership rates dropped from about 58 percent in 2008 to about 51 percent now. That’s more than a 10 percent drop in the proportion of Americans that own their own homes. You’re going to have a concentration of homes and companies that have been buying them up. Like Blackstone has been a very major company buying up foreclosed properties. Goldman Sachs bought up a lot of foreclosed properties. You’re going to have, basically, the financial centers buying up real estate and turning the economy into a landlord ridden economy, rather than an economy that is of home ownership, which is what made America’s middle class wealthy by giving it most of the networth that it had.

Paul Jay

And that’s going to happen, not just in the real estate sector, but every sector. The concentration of ownership, which is already at ridiculous levels, it’s going to be extraordinary. I mean, small businesses to a large extent, are going to be wiped out. And it’s going to be a field day for anybody with cash to pick up these sectors of the economy at a bargain basement price.

Michael Hudson

Well, that’s why some of the stocks are going up. Wal-Mart stocks are going up.

The big store chains have seen their stocks going up more than anyone else’s because the smaller stores, Macy’s and Sears and the other, J.C. Penney that went bankrupt last week. These companies, the retail sector was very largely bought out by predatory capital groups, private capital groups that essentially used them to loot them. The strategy was you’d buy a store. They tried to do this with McDonald’s, for instance. The idea was to buy a company. You immediately break it into two parts. You have the company sell the real estate to another part of another group that you’ve created. The group gets the real estate.The store that you’ve just bought out, instead of owning its property, signs a long term lease to pay a huge amount of rent to this real estate part that you’ve just created by splitting up the company. And you’ve created a value based on the prospective rental store income. And you pay yourself a management fee, you charge interest, you charge all sorts of other fees. And this is what is driven almost all of these stories. Toys R US, right down the line it’s driven them all under. Now, you’re going to have something like that occurring outside of the retail store industry for other sectors of the economy, as you point out. One sector after another. The companies that are struggling during this three month abatement are, all of a sudden, not going to be able to come up with the rent in three months or, supposedly your restaurant, for example. Restaurants your biggest expense is going to be the rent to the landlord. But if, you haven’t done any business for three months and you realize that if you go back to work and the landlord says, “OK, you’ll just pay it off in a year or two.” Well, then you realize that, wait a minute, all of the profit, all of the money that was paid to management is really just going to go for the landlord. And we’re not going to make any money at all ——left over after we pay the current rent and the back rent to the landlord, it’s best just to walk away, close down and move somewhere else. So there will be musical chairs as restaurants are closed down, stiff their suppliers, stiff anybody they can and hope that they may or may not start business somewhere else. But it’s going to be awfully hard to get bank credit once you stiffed the landlord and walked away from the bank financing. So there’s just not going to be financing for anyone except the very large and richest financial companies.

Paul Jay

So, when one does this sort of projection forward., you know, a few months, a couple years, it gets worse and worse unless there’s a massive public social expenditure on infrastructure programs of various types, but at a scale that’s more than anything even Roosevelt imagined during the New Deal. And that leads to, you know, a kind of development of a public sector that the right wing of the elites. I shouldn’t say the right wing. All the elites, essentially, don’t want to see that kind of expenditure because it leads to people saying, “Well, if we’re spending all the public money, then why shouldn’t the public own this stuff?“

Michael Hudson

Well, that’s exactly where Wall Street was way ahead of you there. They knew that there would be pressure for just what you’re suggesting. The reasonable thing, if you really want to restore prosperity, is to develop an infrastructure for public spending programs, public transportation, to rebuild the roads and transports that have fallen apart, the parks. And so by giving this 10 trillion dollars all through the stock and bond market and for real estate mortgages. And by giving it all to the financial sector now, they can say, “We’re broke. We don’t have any money for social spending. We’ve already spent it. Look at how big the deficit is. And this is exactly what Mitch McConnell said to the states. He said the states have a tax shortfall. Well, let them take the money that’s in their pension funds. Let them lose the pension funds. Let them not pay any of the public sector workers that have agreed to get pensions in exchange for decade after decade of slow wage growth, saying, “Yes, we’d rather have a pension than a slow wage growth.

Now that that you tricked them into taking a long term promise, do what Donald Trump does, break the promise, break the deal and say, „I’m sorry, you’re not going to get anything. We’re broke. And we gave all the money to the 10 percent. And if you don’t like it, vote for the other party.“ When you have the same donor class behind each party. So basically, there’s not going to be any money to spend into the real economy. It’s all been spent on the financial sector.

what happenw\ed was the the right wingers can now say we’ve got already spent the money. Look at how large the deficit is. And you’ve already had Mitch McConnell come out and say, „ Well, the states that are known are getting their tax revenues have a solution. Let them raid their pension funds, let them break even and pay the bondholders what they owe, and the other suppliers by essentially borrowing or emptying out the pension.

So what you’ve had, is he wants the states to act like Donald Trump has acted: Break the long term deal. For decades, public service workers have accepted low wage growth in exchange for pensions. They’re looking long term. They say, „OK, we won’t increase our wage demands, but we want the security that when we retire, we’re going to get a good pension.“ That’s what made public sector work attractive. But now that the workers have already worked at a low price and the same thing in the corporate sector, taking low wages for years now, the pensions that they were promised are going to be used instead to pay the bondholders because the states have to make a choice. And the states are going to choose the financial sector to the financial sector. The workers and capital and agriculture are just overhead. All of the real money is supposed to go to the financial sector or the fire sector. So all of this money that has been ostensibly saved, is really going to be just emptied out and given to the bondholders.

Paul Jay

But there’s a political calculation here. Just a few months away from the presidential election, if they don’t do something by the time the election comes around, it’s already a whole sections of the working class that never knew what poverty was, are sinking into it. And by the time election comes along whole sections of the American population are going to be in desperate straits. And this is going to doom the Trump presidency. They‘re going to have to do something.

Michael Hudson

No. Well, Trump will try to blame it on the Democrats. He’ll say, „Give me control of Congress so that we can pass a law to get America back to work and make America great again. He will blame it on other Democrats and say that he didn’t cause the Corona virus. Of course, what he did——-And he can point out that the ten trillion dollar bailout was unanimous. Democrats and Republicans. The Democrats, Nancy Pelosi in Congress, which is in charge of writing the Cares Bailout Act, could have said, „Well, we want to make sure that the states and cities are bailed out, so the public services are not cut back and so they don’t have to raid the pension funds and screw all of the retirees as other Republicans want.

But the Democrats agreed with the Republicans to basically throw the workers under the bus, throw the retirees under the bus, throw the pensioners under the bus and focus on their donor class, the financial sector, the bondholders and the stockholders.

Paul Jay

In Canada and most of Europe, maybe all of Europe, the state subsidies have gone to businesses to continue paying wages, even if people are at home. Many countries are paying up to 80 percent, subsidizing 80 percent of workers wages. So, in fact, people aren’t suffering in the same way. And then when they want to start the economy again, everyone just goes back to work. And the U.S. didn’t didn’t do that.

Michael Hudson

Neither party did that because no politician in either party advocated that. Nobody is saying that. That is sort of the forbidden thing to say. And if you try to say it, people will say, „Well, if you don’t like it here, why don’t you go and live in Denmark?„

And so Trump will say, „Well, it’s true that the virus happened on my watch. I’m the guy who can get rid of it. Wouldn’t you rather have me than Who? Whoever the Democrats end up putting up?“ Wouldn‘t you rather have me, a businessman trying to put America on its two feet, just like a real estate company would be rescued, instead of living like a socialist in a socialist country?These are the people who wanted to close down the economy even more. I Trump,I’m the guy who opened up the economy. My opponents want to close it down. That‘s not going to make you recover. I’m the guy who can make you recover.

Paul Jay

But the polling is showing almost everywhere, that most people think that the economy is being opened up in certain states far too early. And in the states where they’re doing it, they’re getting spikes in Corona virus. So I’m not so sure that argument’s going to work for Trump. But let me ask you a question. Let’s assume I’m right and Trump isn’t going to win because I’m betting he’s not. But let’s say Biden does win and the phone rings, which is highly unlikely. But let’s say it is for the sake of the Simental argument or puzzle here. And they call Michael Hudson and ask, „OK, we’ve been listening to your interviews. And what do you think we should do now that we’ve become taken over? Let’s, for the sake of arguments, say they actually take the White House and both houses of Congress. What should they do?

Michael Hudson

Well, I’ll say the Federal Reserve has been buying 10 trillion dollars worth of stocks. Let’s sell off all these stocks so that it’ll have enough money to begin funding state and local public sector investments. Now, selling all the stocks, of course, will crush the stock market.

The good thing about not bailing out the landlords, about not bailing out the stock market is the banks that have made big bets, especially on insuring third world debt, are going to go broke. And I would say now this time when Citibank, Bank of America and Wells Fargo become insolvent, wiping out its net worth as they did in 2008, this time take them into the public sector, make them public banks, and as a public banks, let’s not lend for corporate takeover loans. Let’s not lend money to corporate raiders to outsource and downsize companies. Let’s make lend for actual for loans that will actually rebuild the economy with tangible means of production, tangible infrastructure and back to the real economy instead. I think Mr. Biden would say, „Well, how much money did you contribute to my campaign? Oh, I see, well, thank you very much, sir.“

Paul Jay

I don’t think there’s any amount of money you could contribute to the Biden campaign that would get him to do that program.

Michael Hudson

I think that’s right. His mindset—

Paul Jay

Well, let’s take it somewhat more incrementally. But certainly there’s some banks that could be, that will be at the point of bankruptcy that the federal government could buy.

Insolvency. In other words, they would make bad bets. A lot of banks—-it’s very much like when the Greek bonds were collapsing and Greece was going to default five years ago under Syriza. Obama and Tim Geithner went to Europe and told the European banks. „Well, you know, we know that the biggest bondholders are the German and the French banks, but they’re not going to lose a penny because they bought credit default insurance from the American banks. And the American banks and especially Citibank, are going to go under. And if they go under, we are going to retaliate against you in Europe, and we’re going to drive you under.“ So the threats they made them was, they forced Europe to essentially tear Greece apart and impose a chronic depression on it. Well, right now, you have the same thing. The banks have made all sorts of loans and guarantees that cannot be paid without Federal Reserve support. And so the question is the whole financial model of the last 12 years, you could say that model since 1980, the model of getting rich purely financially without any real economy growing, downsizing the economy, outsourcing its production to China and other Asian countries, basically making the GDP, and for the bottom 95 percent of the population going down for the last 12 years.

The banks, basically the financial model of getting rich, purely financial engineering instead of industrial engineering hasn’t worked. The idea that the economy can grow and give all of the growth in GDP since 2008 only to the top five percent of the population. For 95 percent of the population the economy is already shrinking. Well if it’s already shrinking for 12 years, imagine the plunge that it’s going to take now. There is no way that an economy can grow when you’re doing to the American population what Europe and US diplomacy, did to Greece: mass unemployment lifespans shortened, suicide rates rose and the Greek economy is now in utter stagnation while the wealthy Greeks have taken their money and run. They put it in Switzerland. So Greece, owed 50 billion euros to banks in Italy and France and Germany. But 50 billion euros were already on according to Christine Lagarde, the IMF already stashed away in Switzerland by tax avoiders. Now, obviously, in order to revive the economy here, you have to have a different model of growth. And instead of a financial model of growth, you need to do a number of things. You stop encouraging debt pyramiding because all the debt pyramiding is what has been shrinking the economy and leading to debt deflation. You would remove the tax deductibility of interest. That’s an obvious thing. You’d remove all of the special tax advantages that the real estate and the financial sector get like pretended depreciation on buildings again and again and again. Donald Trump says that he loves depreciation, and that’s why he’s never had to pay income tax. Insurance companies are not paying right now. The insurance companies are all simply refusing to pay the restaurants and the other economies for interruption of business because they said, „Well, we listed interruption of business for a number of causes, but you didn’t put the Corona virus on. You’ll have to sue us.“ Well, when you sue an insurance company, they get to take the entire claim off their book as if it’s a current payment and if it takes five years to get your case in the court to collect on the insurance, that costs about fifty thousand dollars in legal fees.

I’ve gone through this. And then at the end of five years, the insurance company figure, they will have made back enough money just by speculation so that they don’t have to spend an extra penny to repay. It’s all free tax write off money. So in order to re restore this financial life growth, you have to change the tax code and all of the gimmicks that have made financial speculation more profitable than direct investment and actually producing goods and services.

Paul Jay

Let’s assume that none of this gets done. Not much of it gets done. What happens in China now? Is China in a better position to recover? Can China recover if the American market is so depressed? And if China can recover in a way with somewhat decoupling from the United States, if that’s possible, what does that do to the geopolitics?

Michael Hudson

Well, China can recover for two reasons. Number one, most debts ultimately are owned to the public, to the government. The government runs the banks. They’re not upright, private banks, except to decide what to do. The banks are owned by the governments or the government. When a corporation in China is unable to pay the debt, the government doesn’t say, „OK, we’re going to have to close you down and sell you to the cheapest bidder and let some American buy you out at a distressed price.

The government will simply say,“ We’re going to write down the debt that we’ve given you so that we want to keep you in business. And we want to keep your employees in business so others not see the debt problem in China because the debts are forgiven when they can’t pay. That’s normally what socialist governments do. Secondly, others already for the last five years, I’ve had discussions in China about how to re reorient their economy for the Chinese people. The Chinese people, although they now have housing, it’s not the best housing in the world. And the idea is, they say, „Why should we use all of this factory capacity to export, to support the US, to export to the US and earn dollars? What do we need the dollars for? We’re just recycling the dollars into loans to the U.S. Treasury to hold it in bonds instead of getting foreign exchange and just acting as a workshop to the United States. Why don’t we act as a workshop to the Chinese people? We don’t need export income anymore. We’ve got the Belt Road Initiative. We’re developing markets throughout the Near East, Russia, Europe and China. We don’t need the U.S., but most of all, we have enough savings in our foreign exchange reserves and gold that we can begin to pay our workers more and create a thriving domestic market.

Well, one of the problems they had is what the Chinese do when they earn more money. The first thing they want to do is to buy a car. They’re buying a lot of Mercedes now. And there are already too many cars in China. So the problem China has is how can we make our factories work and produce more goods and services for China? And that aren’t cars and won’t add to pollution and won’t distort matters, won‘t distort the air?

That is what their current plan is. They’re decoupling from the US. And they’ve made a decision with Russia, Iran, other countries to essentially decouple their economy from the US and essentially try to write down military spending and unnecessary foreign spending as much as possible.

Paul Jay

So if that happens and it begins to work for China, one would think it fuels those forces within the United States that want to get more aggressive with China, even militarily. Steve Bannon has openly advocated a military confrontation in the South China Sea. When I mentioned this several times on air on the Analysis, when the Trump administration defense secretary was explaining to Congress why they needed such a record high military budget, he justified it with three words China, China, China. They’re already fairly poised in an aggressive fashion, but if the American economy is really down the toilet, and the Chinese begins to recover, it seems to me that that situation gets even more dangerous.

China doesn’t seem that worried about it. Because what can happen? The American naval presence is largely large aircraft carriers and ships that are very open and are really not a good weapon to have in the modern world. They’re very exposed. All the Americans really can do is threat. And you remember when Mao called them a paper tiger? Well, I think China still thinks that the US Army is a paper tiger. And it can make threats, but it can’t really follow through. And if there were any thought of it following through, China would make overtures to its neighboring countries and pretty much be able to share the China Sea and its oil rights with them. And very quickly trade almost the equivalent of Chinese Monroe Doctrine regarding the United States. So the US knows that it’s on the way out, that there’s very little that it can do militarily. And all of you, the U.S. can’t ever invade a country and there are no troops. Nobody’s going to invade China. You can’t defeat a country unless you invade it. All you can do is drop bombs and try to destroy it. But America’s very exposed in the east and so is Japan that hosts American troops in Okinawa. There are just too many exposures that the Americans have that China doesn’t have so much.

Paul Jay

So you think a lot of this rhetoric about China, China. China is just spending a lot of money on arms.

Michael Hudson

It’s not scaring the Chinese, and it’s all meant to just scare the Chinese.

And they’re like the Russians who say, „Well, what are you really going to do?“ And there is no scenario. I understand that the War College here tried to work out all sorts of scenarios. There’s no scenario in which the US comes out on top.

Paul Jay

Without leading to nuclear war, which leads to nobody coming out on top.

Right. I mean, presumably there could be nuclear war, but that wouldn’t benefit anyone. So, I mean, I suggested to China, „Well, now that Trump has raised tariffs 25 percent on Chinese imports, why don’t you impose a countervailing 25 percent export there? Told Trump that you want to help, and you want to help raise Chinese prices and make America more competitive. So you’re increasing your export tax and vastly increasing the prices that Chinese goods would cost to Americans. America is going to be left in as a high cost economy. And there is no way that the United States here can replicate Chinese industry without spending on rebuilding a generation of rebuilding, without higher living standards, without essentially any kind of political acquiescence by the people. So the America’s disinvested physically in its factories and in the industry and also financially by the stock buybacks that have left companies up without the cash.

So American industry is all debt ridden and pyramided. And China’s isn’t because the government can always write down the debt and keep its industry going. So you essentially have a conflict between a productive financial system in China, very much like the Germans before World War One and an unproductive, predatory financial system in the United States. That’s added the cost and overhead and enormous wealth for one percent of the population by impoverishing the 99 percent and preventing its living standards from rising. And by forcing labor to survive only by going deeper and deeper into debt, leading ultimately to a grand default.

Paul Jay

All right. Thanks very much for joining us, Michael.

Michael Hudson

It’s good to be here.

Paul Jay

And thank you for joining us on the Analysis.News podcast.

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      1. Carla

        Because this is so important, I do wish the transcript could be proofread and cleaned up. I’m used to reading less than perfect transcripts, but many people are not, which presents a drawback when considering who to share it with.

        1. GramSci

          Yeah, but the people whose understanding would benefit from a clean transcript have a hard time reading in the first place.

          Reading is a very efficient learning mechanism–much faster than speech-but only for those of us who read easily.

    1. John C

      The problem with this post is that it starts of by saying the Fed is buying equities: “The Federal Reserve is going out directly and is buying stocks, bonds, junk bonds, mortgages, junk mortgages, all to prop up the value of assets.” This is factually untrue. The Fed is not buying equities. The rest of post is weakened by this demonstrably false statement.

      The fact is the Fed does not have the authority to buy equities outright. Full stop. The Fed’s authority to buy outright is limited to Treasuries, Agencies (debt and ABS) and extremely limited amount of short-dated municipal debt. It would require legislation – a change to the Federal Reserve Act – to expand the Fed’s buying authority to equities.

      That said, the next question would be COULD the Fed, via a specially structured off balance sheet vehicle, buy equities? The lawyers say yes, but that it would have to be structured in such a way that the equities were collateral for a non-recourse term loan. In addition, the facility would have to be capitalized by the Treasury. But the Fed has shown no hurry to attain the ability to buy equities do to these concerns: 1) the Fed should avoid ‘owning’ the performance of the stock market. 2) The Fed should avoid picking winners. 3) The Fed should avoid owning any asset without a maturity, otherwise, there is no way to get it off the balance sheet (or the off balance sheet facility) without an outright sale.

      1. Yves Smith Post author

        Thanks a lot and I should have caught and called this out in an intro.

        It is very common for people criticizing the Fed to throw equities in the list and also fail to make the distinction between the Fed buying assets versus lending against them as collateral.

        I will point this out to Hudson.

        1. Michael Hudson

          I spoke in much too abbreviated a statement. Of course you’re right. the Fed buys packages. I thought I’d said that, and then I made a mistake and tried to simplify for Paul Jay. Always a bad idea — I made a snap decision not to explain the kind of securitized packages and bank loans and liabilities that the Fed was buying.
          Of course the NC audience caught this right away. :)-

          1. Michael

            Having laid out the problems so beautifully Michael, what is the solution for a permanent fix to the economic structure? Or is it too late, because America has become a banana republic with Nero tweeting while it burns?

            Looking at the lifespan of empires, their lives are getting shorter and shorter. Given America appears to be in at the stage of “flogging will continue until morale improves” as the rich steal everything, at what point do they abandon ship? How much more can be squeezed out of this lopsided bitter lemon for how long?

            Seems like it’s time for a multi-decade dose of “Donut Economics”. Either that or life is going to turn African for many in the West.

  1. The Rev Kev

    The stock market has very little connection to the American economy and I sometimes wonder what would happen if you just suspended it for a decade or even shut it down. Yes, it would cause a lot of damage but would it equal the damage that it has done the American economy the past few decades?

    I read last week that the size of the black economy in America is about $2 trillion at the moment and expanding. It may be here that there is possibility of growth and opportunity for all the people that have been left behind by the neoliberal economy. Certainly the regular economy is dying on the vine.

    In ancient Rome they had the position of Dictator with full state authority. In an emergency, he was a Magistrate that would be appointed to deal with an emergency and would have to step down after six months or earlier if he dealt with the problem earlier. I am starting to understand the wisdom of such a position.


    1. Grumpy Engineer

      @The Rev Kev: You said, “The stock market has very little connection to the American economy“.

      Alas, that’s not really the best way to describe it these days. It’s now an “inverted” or “upside-down” connection. The worse the news about the real economy, the better the stock market does. This started way back in 2009 when the Fed dropped rates to nearly zero to counteract the effects of the housing crash, and it’s continued ever since. I distinctly remember the correction: Bad jobs report = stocks up; good jobs report = stocks down. The likelihood of a Fed rescue completely overwhelms the actual performance of the companies whose shares are listed on the market.

      Personally, I’d love to see the stock market shut down for a while. Or trimmed down to size with some strategic regulations. [Perhaps one like this: A company shouldn’t be able to buy back shares or issue stock options if they owe debt to any outside party or pension fund.] Unfortunately, many state and local pension fund have invested heavily in stocks, and they’ve been cheerleading Federal Reserve interventions just as much as the 1% have.

      1. Carla

        Perfect opportunity to double Social Security payments for current beneficiaries, make Social Security mandatory for everyone, and eliminate pensions entirely. Of course, do expanded and improved Medicare for All (a la HR1384) concurrently.

        I know, I’m dreaming, but it beats the nightmare we’re living in.

      2. Bob

        US Companies weren’t always allowed to buy back their own shares.

        “Buybacks were illegal throughout most of the 20th century because they were considered a form of stock market manipulation. But in 1982, the Securities and Exchange Commission passed rule 10b-18, which created a legal process for buybacks and opened the floodgates for companies to start repurchasing their stock en masse. (from Vox)”

        So clearly this is a vast Ponzi scheme by the FIRE sector with the help of the FED.

      3. rd

        The stock market has very little connection with the economy. This analysis of the stock market in 1968 is very interesting – major social protests and a pandemic, along with political chaos and war. And the stock market rose that year. The real come-uppance was 5 years later in 1973 and 1974 with a massive bear market and the beginning of the big inflation. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/06/01/why-the-stock-market-is-up-amid-chaos-in-the-streets.html

        The stimulus checks and additional unemployment money from the federal government caused disposal income to rise 10% in April but personal consumption dropped 10% as people paid down bills or saved the money because they knew it wouldn’t last. https://www.bea.gov/news/2020/personal-income-and-outlays-april-2020#:~:text=Personal%20income%20increased%20%241.97%20trillion,%241.89%20trillion%20(13.6%20percent).

        The $1,200 check was very helpful to many people. The $600 each week unemployment check is also very helpful as long as you are in a state that can process unemployment claims. However, the clock strikes midnight at the end of July and many people will turn into pumpkins unless Congress does an extension. That is when the bad economic stuff would really start.

        Our county is already talking about layoffs because much of its budget comes from sales taxes. I note that unemployment insurance is taxable and so NYS is getting an income tax cut from the $600/week supplemental benefit. That likely helps NYS tax collections even though state sales tax sales are down. But the public worker layoffs at the local level will start soon as their revenue declines and they have no abiltiy to run a deficit. This combined with the $600/week going away is likely to be the big economic hit from this event resulting in many unemployed people without much unemployment payments.

    2. Science Officer Smirnoff

      The Roman Republic’s constitutional dictator was discussed most notably by Machiavelli in his Discourses. He endorsed both that office and the Tribunate.

  2. k teh

    Cheap foreign labor arbitrage driving domestic real estate inflation is the recipe for growing income inequality, which city police are sworn to protect, and nearly everyone is in on it in one way or another – joining tribes to get in at the MMT trough.

    That’s the status quo and the Fed has only accelerated it in response to the virus, closing the lid and increasing the pressure with electronic money. The riots are just the fuse going off.

    Now it’s hurricane season.

  3. emmajane

    Where is data showing the public sector employees have had wages that were significantly lower than private sector, as Hudson asserts? It seems to me that private sector wage growth has lagged public sector for some time. And on top of low wage growth, private sector employees have had to deal with the disappearance of pension and other benefits, while being forced to fund retirement through 401Ks.

    1. Grumpy Engineer

      For federal employees, at least, your perception is mostly correct: https://www.cbo.gov/publication/52637.

      Highly credentialed federal employees (like doctors, lawyers, and engineers) do earn less than their private sector counterparts, but the remainder do significantly better.

      I’m not sure what the situation is with state and local employees.

      1. rd

        They are also tenured and generally don’t have to worry about layoffs. The typical private sector has much more employment risk. As an engineer, I have had far more employers than federal, state, or local government engineers have had.

    2. Yves Smith Post author

      They are on average lower paid when you adjust for education levels. Government workers on average have much higher educational attainment (more college grads).

    3. Bill Carson

      I think you’re exactly right, emmajane. I’ve seen public sector employee pay increasing over the past ten years. There is no shortage of six-figure public employees on my city’s payroll. Same in the legal sector—judges earning $168,000/year plus benefits plus pension plus vacation pay, and their staff is paid for. And they’re still complaining that they aren’t paid enough. Compare that to private attorneys where the median income is $100,000. And then solo and small firm attorneys make even less.

  4. Ignacio

    Wow, this is excellent. I had a laugh at the “now you’ve suddenly changed to another topic, to the economy” reply.

    Yes, concentration of properties might turn epic. MAGA at its best.

    1. Kurt

      Great point. Their State Bank could have taken off but for a concerted boycott by the New York Bankster cartel to not buy their State backed bonds

  5. Susan the other

    Thank you. That was very interesting Hudson. The stuff about Randy Wray taking 2 years to untangle what the Fed actually bought up in 2008; the bit about Geithner and Obomba threatening the EU not to burden our big re-insurance banks or we would retaliate, ergo Greece was not allowed to write off any of its financial problems, etc. The “pyramid” is both the US and the EU but the US is the tippy-top part. The stuff about the entire chain of payments and how if one part fails the whole thing fails (Richard Murphy saw this coming and proposed that the rent chain be forgiven – why not?) – and the info about China which has not been made clear until now – that China’s banks are not private banks at all and so all loans are public and can be given whatever forbearance is necessary to keep the economy going. Public money is the only viable thing in the end. As it should be. Hudson equated Chinese finance – industrial finance – with Nazi finance. As a successful model – which is probably precisely why there was a WW2. I’m thinking the only thing the US government can do now (that’s all of us by the way) is issue everyone a credit card until further notice. We’re screwed. Thank god.

    1. RBHoughton

      On a historical note Susan I believe Schact’s arrangements for the recovery of the German currency in 1930s only showed the way to national wealth. It has been copied by the Japanese after WWII, the Koreans, the Indonesians more recently and in each case led to their economic miracles.

      I believe we should be trying to resuscitate labor as the basis of wealth. If the virus took off half the population, wages should be worth having for a change, Its the silver lining, just like the Black Death.

  6. anon28

    Here’s a radical thought:

    All fiat creation should be for the general welfare.

    That rules out welfare for the banks and the rich but rules in an equal Citizen’s Dividend as a replacement.

    What’s not to like? Fairness?

  7. Ghost in the Machine

    Does anyone understand how the $10 trillion bailout number is calculated? Good links? I have similar confusion around some of the calculations at the Wall Street on Parade website. That site has tried but I still don’t quite get how short term loans translate into longer term bailouts. I get most of the issues discussed but the actual bailout total still confounds me a bit. I need to understand this better to discuss/argue these issues with my more PMC family members and friends.

    1. John Zelnicker

      @Ghost in the Machine
      June 2, 2020 at 4:47 pm

      Nathan Tankus has a new blog where he has been writing in great detail about what the Fed is doing with various funding facilities to purchase all these securities, including the amounts committed to each one.

      He started reviewing the Fed’s actions a few weeks ago.

    2. Tom

      Dylan Ratigan gets into this with Jimmy Dore.
      It is complicated. You need to understand what a debt Ponzi is. That the Fed can print unlimited money but can only lend it…with loose or no payback required.
      Look up John Law, the French Banque Royal (first central bank of France in 18th Century), the Mississipi Company. Not exactly the same, but a lot of the pieces are there. Unlimited Greed, amoral predators, a central bank and a stock market. In France, in this case, one could say it ended with the guillotine, although it took a while to get there.

    3. Yves Smith Post author

      The numbers are all over the map. This is true of the crisis bailouts too.

      The big problem is the size of the facilities versus the amount used (which is often way less) as well as how long used.

      The other issue is that pretty much all Fed bailouts are indirect. They buy high quality assets and lend against lower quality assets pledged as collateral. So they prop up asset prices and shield investors and lenders who made reckless or just dumb investments).

      1. Ghost in the Machine

        Thank you all. An issue with presenting this type of info to people who are largely unfamiliar with how the Fed works is that they get hung up on these huge numbers and my more clever debate opponents latch onto where these numbers come from to dismiss the overall observation of a huge bailout for the rich connected. They are exaggerating etc.

  8. Susan the other

    Just thinking about universal credit cards. With some restrictions, universal credit cards could be a very good solution. Not only providing everyone with essential needs and a few discretionary items – but for businesses it would be an automatic clearing system. For income taxes it could be a painless automatic deduction that doesn’t interfere with meeting your basic needs. For the economy it would be a silent perpetual engine humming away in the Department of the Treasury. Forget the Fed.

    1. anon29

      I agree except they should be debit cards since government (and its Central Bank, for that matter) should NOT be in the lending business.

      The reason is violation of equal protection under the law in favor of the more so-called “credit worthy.”

      An equal Citizen’s Dividend, otoh, is perfectly legitimate and could be distributed into those debit accounts. And, unlike credit, there’s no repayment involved.

      1. rob

        in terms of today.
        There is repayment involved,however the fed chooses to give people money.
        It is called the national debt.
        Unless we adopt a “new chicago plan”….. type plan like say.. the “NEED act”
        Then the government actually COULD give people helicopter money… without anyone actually “paying it back”. Then the fed(which would become part of the treasury) could actually create money, and give it out… as a means of inserting it into the economy. And a “digital greenback card”, is one way to immediately and cheaply , help PEOPLE.
        They don’t need to just “give it to wall street” to get it into circulation… we could bypass giving it to wall street… and give it to the people first. and then the people could choose to do with it what they will… and if wall street gets any , it will be after the people for a change.

        Another thought on the card idea was in forbes the other day… by robert rhockett… “the digital greenback”

        1. anon32

          There is repayment involved,however the fed chooses to give people money.
          It is called the national debt.

          Being inherently risk-free, the debt of a monetary sovereign like the US should return no more than ZERO percent MINUS overhead costs = NEGATIVE.

          So the US National Debt could be changed from a Federal expense to a Federal revenue source IF it were properly priced.

          But yes, all fiat creation should be for the general welfare which rules out fiat creation for the banks and the rich but easily allows an equal Citizen’s Dividend.

    2. Lila

      The universal credit card idea sounds very similar to Douglas’ Social Credit notion.

  9. nycTerrierist

    Paging Dr. Freud…

    “You’re advocating that these deaths (sic) should simply be written off.”

  10. mtnwoman

    Thank you for this.

    “So you wrote an article called, The Coming Financial Horror, “, I googled and couldn’t find this referenced article by Michael Hudson. Anybody have a link?

  11. mrtmbrnmn

    Another bull’s eye for Michael Hudson. We are the victims and the living witnesses of the collapse of the Wall Street/ War Street/ Washington DC Axis of Evil perpetual money machine. They forgot or never learned there is no such thing in nature. But there are neutron bomb-like viruses that can’t be bought off by campaign contributions and rigged wheels of fortune. The virus kills off essential workers (because they essentially work for cheap stooped over with debt & helpless) while leaving the over-priced empty real estate standing when the smoke clears. It seems America is in the critical condition (stage-4?) of the neo-liberal/gobbleization pandemic equivalent of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The end when it comes will come fast and be ugly. Buckle up!

  12. skippy

    You must be experiencing the same reality Keynes did around Bretton Woods … Mr Hudson … a bear pit filled with synapses like pine tar …

  13. JBird4049

    I think that with this dry analysis that the American population general response to the current contretemps will not be just a few protests or even riots; even the American left, not the amoral parasites masquerading as such are starting to arm themselves, and just looking at countries like Syria it will not be a quick victory by the forces of “law and order.”

  14. Sound of the Suburbs

    Once you’ve created a ponzi scheme of inflated asset prices you need to be very careful indeed.

    The Americans have a ponzi scheme of inflated asset prices.
    What lifted US stocks to 1929 levels in 1929?
    Margin lending and share buybacks.
    What lifted US stocks to 1929 levels in 2019?
    Margin lending and share buybacks.
    A former US congressman has been looking at the data.

    In 2020, the global economy was a ponzi scheme of over-inflated asset prices.
    The use of neoclassical economics and the belief in free markets, made them think that over-inflated asset prices represented real wealth accumulation.
    The central banks are trying to maintain the illusion over-inflated asset prices represent real wealth accumulation and it’s not easy.
    They are doing the best they can.

    At the end of the 1920s, the US was a ponzi scheme of over-inflated asset prices.
    The use of neoclassical economics and the belief in free markets, made them think that over-inflated asset prices represented real wealth accumulation.
    1929 – Wakey, wakey time
    This is what the central bankers are trying to avoid.

    Why did it cause the US financial system to collapse in 1929?
    Bankers get to create money out of nothing, through bank loans, and get to charge interest on it.
    What could possibly go wrong?
    Bankers do need to ensure the vast majority of that money gets paid back, and this is where they get into serious trouble.
    Banking requires prudent lending.
    If someone can’t repay a loan, they need to repossess that asset and sell it to recoup that money. If they use bank loans to inflate asset prices they get into a world of trouble when those asset prices collapse.
    As the real estate and stock market collapsed the banks became insolvent as their assets didn’t cover their liabilities.
    They could no longer repossess and sell those assets to cover the outstanding loans and they do need to get most of the money they lend out back again to balance their books.
    The banks become insolvent and collapsed, along with the US economy.

    When banks have been lending to inflate asset prices the financial system is in a precarious state and can easily collapse.
    “It’s nearly $14 trillion pyramid of super leveraged toxic assets was built on the back of $1.4 trillion of US sub-prime loans, and dispersed throughout the world” All the Presidents Bankers, Nomi Prins.
    When this little lot lost almost all its value overnight, the Western banking system became insolvent.
    Western taxpayers had to recapitalise the banks and make up for all the loses the bankers had made on bad loans they had made to inflate asset prices.

    We don’t want another financial crisis so central banks have to keep pumping up asset prices.

    Who is the latest victim to discover they have a big hole in their financial system?
    Details are starting to emerge about India’s real estate fiasco.
    Now their banks need to be recapitalised and they are looking to get Indian taxpayers to fill the hole.

    1. Sound of the Suburbs

      Today’s policymakers can’t see the problem with the markets they found in the 1930s.
      They would need to know banks create money and they think banks are financial intermediaries.

      Free market thinking split into two separate paths in the 1930s.
      We took the wrong path.

      In the 1930s, Hayek was as the London School of Economics trying to put a new slant on old ideas, while the Americans were working out what had gone wrong in the 1920s.
      The University of Chicago had worked out what had gone wrong with free market thinking before, but we followed Hayek who hadn’t.

      In the 1930s, the University of Chicago realised it was the bank’s ability to create money that had upset their free market theories.
      The Chicago Plan was named after its strongest proponent, Henry Simons, from the University of Chicago.
      He wanted free markets in every other area, but Government created money.
      To get meaningful price signals from the markets they had to take away the bank’s ability to create money.

      Henry Simons was a founder member of the Chicago School of Economics and he had worked out what was wrong with his beliefs in free markets in the 1930s.
      Banks can inflate asset prices with the money they create from bank loans.
      Henry Simons and Irving Fisher supported the Chicago Plan to take away the bankers ability to create money.
      “Simons envisioned banks that would have a choice of two types of holdings: long-term bonds and cash. Simultaneously, they would hold increased reserves, up to 100%. Simons saw this as beneficial in that its ultimate consequences would be the prevention of “bank-financed inflation of securities and real estate” through the leveraged creation of secondary forms of money.”
      Real estate lending was actually the biggest problem lending category leading to 1929.
      Richard Vague had noticed real estate lending balloon from 5 trillion to 10 trillion from 2001 – 2007 and went back to look at the data before 1929.

      Henry Simons and Irving Fisher supported the Chicago Plan to take away the bankers ability to create money.
      “Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau.” Irving Fisher 1929.
      This 1920’s neoclassical economist that believed in free markets knew this was a stable equilibrium. He became a laughing stock, but worked out where he had gone wrong.
      Banks can inflate asset prices with the money they create from bank loans, and he knew his belief in free markets was dependent on the Chicago Plan, as he had worked out the cause of his earlier mistake.
      Margin lending had inflated the US stock market to ridiculous levels.

      The IMF re-visited the Chicago plan after 2008.

      1. Sound of the Suburbs

        “To get meaningful price signals from the markets you need to take away the ability of banks to create money.”
        That was the solution the 1930s free market thinkers came up with, but there are other ways to keep bank credit out of the markets.

        OR ……

        You could use the corset controls the UK used before 1980.
        This kept bank credit away from financial speculation and debt grew with GDP.

        What happened in 1979?
        The UK eliminated corset controls on banking in 1979 and the banks invaded the mortgage market and this is where the problem starts.
        The transfer of existing assets, like real estate, doesn’t add to GDP so debt rises faster than GDP

        Before 1980 – banks lending into the right places that result in GDP growth (business and industry, creating new products and services in the economy)
        Debt grows with GDP

        After 1980 – banks lending into the wrong places that don’t result in GDP growth (real estate and financial speculation)
        Debt rises faster than GDP

        2008 – Minsky Moment, the financial crisis where debt has over whelmed the economy

        OR …..

        Richard Werner worked out what went wrong in Japan.
        The BoJ used to use window/credit guidance to steer bank credit away from financial speculation and this was the basis for all the Asian Tiger economies, until they discovered financial liberalisation and the Asian Crisis soon followed in 1997.

        OR …..

        Germany uses small non-profit banks that are very local to communities and businesses.
        There is no gain from financial speculation and they are closely tied to the people they serve.

        1. Sound of the Suburbs

          I noticed something wasn’t quite right in 2008 and decided to look into it as our experts seemed to be going nowhere.
          I was tempted to give up with a lame “black swan” excuse myself as it was a bit hard, but I persevered.
          It’s amazing what you can learn in ten years if you put in some effort.

          OK, it wasn’t all my own work; I had a lot of material to build on, from:
          Richard Werner, Steve Keen, Richard Koo, Michael Hudson, MMT, ………..

          1. RBHoughton

            Could you eliminate the negative, accentuate the positive and write a book. You know what you want to say. No offense intended SOTS

            1. Sound of the Suburbs

              I have read lots of books already, but no one who needs to read them does.

              It needs a punchier, more abbreviated style to get their message across.

              I can point to the detail in books if required.

              1. Susan the other

                In defense of those who “need to read them” I’ll just say this – those books put me to sleep in less than 5 minutes and I wake up 4 hours later from my own loud snoring. I’ve tried, honest.

                1. Sound of the Suburbs

                  Some are better than others.

                  Piketty’s Capital is the best one I’ve found for putting me to sleep.

                  There are lots of YouTube videos; they are often better and more aimed at a less technical audience.

  15. Teejay

    “Auntie Em, Auntie Em he’s back, he’s back Auntie Em.” Yes I’ve broken a cardinal rule here at NC; I’ve commented before I’ve read the post but I’m so over the moon happy that Paul Jay and Sharmini Peries are back in the fight. Yahoo!

  16. jal

    Two comments

    1. Its a Jubilee for the Elites.

    2. The biggest landlords ,(holders of assets). that would get hurt are, (look them up), China and Japan, oil rich countries.

  17. Jeremy Grimm

    I’ll listen to this podcast a few more times. I am very afraid of the shape the US economy will take post Corona. I recall seeing a comment to another post suggesting the US stock market and economy is in a Wiley-Coyote moment after running off a cliff. However, I’m not so sure the economy will be as durable as Wiley Coyote. I am also concerned by the apparent government sponsored conglomeration of US business and what it will mean for our futures.

Comments are closed.