20 Years and 4 Presidents Later and Gitmo Still Not Closed

By Brett Wilkins. Originally published at Common Dreams

Human rights defenders marked the 20th anniversary of the opening of the U.S. military prison at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba under the administration of former President George W. Bush by noting that three American presidents have come and gone without anyone being held accountable for the horrific crimes that have occurred there, while calling on the fourth—Joe Biden—to finally close what one advocate called an “indelible stain” on the nation.

“Four American presidents have overseen the facility and three have promised to close it,” the ACLU tweeted Tuesday. “Every day Guantánamo remains open is an affront to human rights, justice, and the rule of law.”

“Since 2002, 779 Muslim men and boys have been held at Guantánamo, nearly all without charge or trial,” the ACLU continued.

According to retired U.S. Army Col. Lawrence Wilkerson, who served as chief of staff to Bush-era Secretary of State Colin Powell, Bush, along with his vice president and defense secretary, Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld, knew that most of the prisoners were innocent, but kept them locked up for political reasons.

“Today, 39 men remain indefinitely detained,” noted the ACLU. “Twenty-seven have never been charged with a crime, and 14 of those prisoners have been cleared for transfer or release, some for years.”

In July 2021, the administration of Biden—who has signaled his intention to close Guantánamo—released 56-year-old Abdul Latif Nasser after 19 years of detention and repatriated him to his native Morocco. No other Gitmo prisoners have been transferred during Biden’s tenure.

Biden’s former boss, President Barack Obama, signed executive orders after entering the White House in 2009 that were meant to end torture and close Gitmo. Obama—who was blocked by Congress from implementing the prison’s closure—broke a campaign promise and the law by actively shielding Bush-era officials from accountability while torture continued at Gitmo.

Obama’s successor, former President Donald Trump, vowed to “load up” Gitmo with “bad dudes” and “bring back a hell of a lot worse than waterboarding” while signing an executive order to keep the facility open. However, the prison’s population did not increase under his tenure and in 2019 he said his administration would search for alternatives to Guantánamo.

Connecting the four presidents of the Guantánamo era is a military commission regimen under which detainees accused of the most serious crimes—including planning and supporting the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States—are slated to be tried. Numerous military officers have resigned from what former lead prosecutor Col. Morris Davis called the “rigged” commission.

As the U.S. military slowly moves ahead with the commission proceedings, human rights advocates urge Biden to succeed where his predecessors failed and finally close Guantánamo once and for all.

“President Biden, keep your campaign promise to put the brutal legacy—torture, detention without charges or trial—of Guantánamo Bay detention center behind us,” Marcy Winograd of the women-led peace group CodePink tweeted, while calling on the president to appoint a special State Department envoy “to close this hellhole.”

“President Biden needs to fulfill his pledge to finally end this shameful chapter of American history,” the ACLU asserted. “He can do this by ending indefinite military detention and the unconstitutional military commissions system.”

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Agnes Callamard, the United Nations special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, or arbitrary executions, wrote Tuesday that “it is not only about closing Guantánamo. It is also about delivering accountability for the violations committed within its settings.”

“Guantánamo is an indelible stain on the United States’ history, a chapter it must now close and never repeat,” she stressed.

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7 comments

  1. JohnA

    What did Blinken say the other day about Russia staying on as an unwelcome guest in other countries? Not sure Cuba is that overjoyed about the US base on their island for all these years. Oh the irony considering the Russian forces are already packing up ready to leave Kazakhstan after less than a week.

    Reply
  2. Code Name D

    Give me a moment here (bangs head against wall a few times.) The problem isn’t that GITMO hasn’t been closed, the problem is that GITMO and other “black sites” (at least one is located in Israel, and several are located in Iran.) are treated as zones outside US constructional law. That is the outrage that needs to be addressed. It makes me question what protestor’s are even demonstrating against and how they came to the information they are acting upon.

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    1. Tom Doak

      Yes, it’s funny how our government is trying to make every country and every person in the world accountable to U.S. law [ask Julian Assange], yet at the same time, we exempt our own citizens in other countries from laws of any kind, as long as they are doing what their masters desire.

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  3. The Rev Kev

    I sometimes think that this has been one of the greatest attacks on law in American history. So Washington pretends that US law does not apply in Gitmo because it is in Cuba. But Gitmo is a fully fledged American base where military law actually applies. So the net effect is that the US government can arbitrarily declare a whole place a legal “black hole”. And as we know, what the US does abroad sooner or later gets done at home. If you doubt this, remember that secret prison that the Chicago Police were running that would get prisoners off the books with no access to lawyers, in spite of them being US citizens with Constitutional rights? And that is how the Gitmo principal gets imported home. Because the government gets away with it.

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    1. Mantid

      And other pattern was the rounding up of citizens in Portland during protests by people, unmarked in unmarked vans taken away to “places” – no charges filed, no records kept. The captured were eventually released but no records kept of their detention by unknown captors.
      Also, on Harry Shearer’s podcast Le Show, he contends that $13,846,153.85 is “spent” on each prisoner during a given year. Your (US) tax dollars in action. Link (at the 7 minute mark) https://harryshearer.com/le-shows/january-09-2022/

      Reply
  4. Dave in Austin

    In the old days the US had divisions of soldiers and wings of bombers we could deploy to achieve our goals. But those cost money we don’t have any more.

    So instead the US government deploys battalions of lawyers to bomb us with creative legal interpretations and assault units of pundits to tell us our POW camp at Guantanamo will close soon and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization mission extends to Kiev and Kabul.

    Threadbare delusions of grandeur while the latest polls say the public worries about the economy, immigration and guns.

    Our new motto is: “Send in the AquaMarines!”.

    Reply

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