The 50 Biggest US Donors Gave or Pledged Nearly $28 Billion in 2021 – Bill Gates and Melinda French Gates Account for $15 Billion of That Total

Yves here. If nothing else, this post will show that those who worry about the political influence of Bill Gates and his ex-wife, Melinda Gates, who still collaborate on some political and philanthropic matters. By contrast, worries about George Soros are out of date, both in size and due to the fact that he does not exercise much influence at quite a few foundations to which he has given in the past, such as the Institute for New Economic Thinking, or a whole raft of leftish causes in the US where Open Society gives, but not enough to call the shots (Open Society’s influence in Eastern Europe is a different matter…..).

By David Campbell, Associate Professor of Public Administration, Binghamton University, State University of New York; Elizabeth J. Dale. Associate Professor of Nonprofit Leadership, Seattle University; and Jasmine McGinnis Johnson, Associate Professor of Public Policy and Public Administration, George Washington University. Originally published at The Conversation

The 50 Americans who gave or pledged the most to charity in 2021 committed to giving a total of US$27.7 billion to hospitals, universities, museums and more – up 12% from 2020 levels, according to the Chronicle of Philanthropy’s latest annual tally of these donations.

More than half of this money came from just two particularly big donors: Bill Gates and Melinda French Gates. Shortly before their divorce became final, in August 2021, they announced plans to add $15 billion to their foundation’s coffers.

David Campbell, Elizabeth Dale and Jasmine McGinnis Johnson, three scholars of philanthropy, assess what these gifts mean, the possible motivations behind them and what they hope to see in the future in terms of charitable giving in the United States.

What Trends Stand Out Overall?

Elizabeth Dale: First, let’s acknowledge who is missing: MacKenzie Scott. The novelist and billionaire publicly shared that she had given over $2.7 billion in the first half of 2021. She then changed course, choosing not to disclose how much money she gave away in the second half of the year, or the organizations she supported, as an effort to deflect media attention. The Chronicle said it left her out because neither she nor her consultants provided the details it requested.

Had the publication included her, even if only the gifts she made in half the year, she would have occupied the No. 2 spot again. Scott was only behind her ex-husband, Jeff Bezos, on the Chronicle’s 2020 list.

In 2018, prior to their divorce, Bill Gates and Melinda French Gates topped the list together, but they didn’t make the 2019 list at all.

Tracking where giving goes, even for the largest donations, is an imperfect science. Scholars, journalists and other experts must rely on publicly available information and details the donors themselves provide to compile this data, and the full details aren’t always available. For example, even in this list, we don’t know everything about these gifts, how much was already given and the ways organizations will put this money to use.

Jasmine McGinnis Johnson: Following the police killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor, many foundations and philanthropists were thinking more critically about what was the appropriate way to fund racial equity and social justice nonprofits.

In 2020, those gifts totaled $66 billion, making them the 14th-highest priority of the nation’s top 50 donors. In 2021, donations aimed at reducing racism and supporting Black-led organizations didn’t make it to a list of these donors’ highest 20 funding priorities.

With police brutality continuing unabated and the growth of mutual aid organizations focused on race and social justice, I find this ebbing of interest surprising.

However, I also see some reasons to be hopeful in other research completed in 2021.

Many Americans, especially people of color, are donating to racial justice causes. In 2020, for example, 16% of all households gave to these causes, up from 13% in 2019.

David Campbell: The biggest donors responded to challenges created by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, sharply increasing their giving to social service organizations, including food banks and housing groups. In 2021, that giving receded so much that food banks and housing didn’t make it into a list of the top 20 causes for the biggest donors. One explanation for this may be that when seismic events influence giving, those effects diminish over time.

In keeping with past years, these wealthy donors emphasized higher education and health-related giving, through donations to colleges, universities, hospitals and medical research.

What Should the Public Know About 2021’s Top Two Donors?

Dale: With an endowment valued at over $50 billion, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has, by far, more assets than any other U.S. institution of its kind.

The foundation, established in 2000, is getting more scrutinythan it used to, especially with respect to its bureaucratic and data-driven approach. It also has four new board members who joined after billionaire investor Warren Buffett stepped down in 2021.

Melinda French Gates’ future role in the foundation is uncertain. She could step down as a trustee in 2023 if she and Bill Gates determine they can no longer work together.

Campbell: Since its founding, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has distributed over $60 billion to causes tied to eradicating diseases and reducing poverty and inequity around the world.

In 2021, it announced plans to spend $2.1 billion within five years on women’s economic empowerment and leadership, and boosting women and girls’ health and family planning.

The foundation has delved heavily into K-12 education in the U.S. – with mixed results, as the Gateses themselves acknowledged in 2018. The foundation disbursed $6.7 billion in 2021, the highest amount to date for a single year.

What Concerns Do You Have?

Campbell: The top 50 donors in 2021 include only 14 of the many billionaires who have signed the Giving Pledge, a commitment by some of the world’s richest people to “dedicate the majority of their wealth to charitable causes.” To date, more than 230 individuals and couples have taken this step.

Similarly, only 21 of the Forbes 400 list of wealthiest Americans made the Philanthropy 50. I would like to know why more of the richest Americans, including some who have committed to giving away their fortunes, weren’t among 2021’s top 50 donors. For the billionaires who have signed the Giving Pledge, it’s worth asking why they are waiting. What benefit do they see in giving later rather than sooner?

Dale: The $2.65 billion in giving by these wealthy Americans to donor-advised funds is double 2020 levels and almost 10 times higher than in 2019. Both donor-advised funds – financial accounts that people use to give money to the charities of their choice when they are ready to do so – and foundations are intermediaries for giving that offer little transparency and can warehouse funds designated for nonprofits’ use.

Most wealthy donors receive tax deductions and other benefits, such as public recognition, when they initially make big gifts. But it can often take years for their money to reach charities.

It’s hard, however, to separately track money being given directly to charities from funds that are reserved for a future charitable use.

As more and more donors, including some of the richest Americans, give to charity through donor-advised funds instead of traditional foundations, calls for regulating them more tightlyare growing louder.

What Do You Expect To See in 2022 and Beyond?

Dale: Scott has certainly caused some philanthropy shock wavesin the past two years, and it’s still too early to know what effect she is having.

I hope that these donors and the wealthy people not on this list start responding to broader public concerns. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, issues around race, ethnicity and genderand inequality, climate change and protecting our democracyare not going away.

Johnson: The fact that social and racial justice were not among the top priorities of the biggest donors in 2021 makes me wonder to what extent the concerns about systemic inequality, driven by events in 2020, will remain a priority for big donors in the future.

Conversations among wealthy givers and major foundations about race, income inequality and the vulnerability the COVID-19 pandemic exposed have certainly persisted. And Scott is still supporting justice-oriented causes, as a gift announced by its recipient in February 2022 makes clear. Scott gave $133.5 million to Communities in Schools, a nonprofit that meets the academic, economic and other needs of K-12 students.

It remains to be seen to what extent America’s other big donors will follow her lead.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has provided funding for The Conversation U.S. and provides funding for The Conversation internationally.

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  1. upstater

    It would have been useful to see 2 other charts:

    1. Giving as a percentage of total wealth
    2. Giving as a percentage of the increase of their wealth between 2020 and 2021.

    That would place the numbers in context of their insatiable greed.

  2. Hayek's Heelbiter

    Or perhaps more importantly, how much of their vast wealth was actually distributed to the employees whose toil ultimately created their gazillions.

  3. vlade

    Honestly, Soros was never really interested in _explicitly_ having influence where OS gave money. I’ve met people who got money from him because he liked the project and the person who was doing it – but once the money left OS’s account, there wasn’t any “do this or”. I said “explicitly”, because if he didn’t like the project anymore, he’d have no qualms of defunding it, unless he said up-front he’d fund it for a period of time.

    And, as for his influence in EE – OS gives about $100m to (all of) Europe per year. out of 1.5bn it gives out. About the same amount of money it spends on “democratic practice” donations (whatever those are) in the US.

    Soros was made a nice target, being Jewish hedge fund manager who was happy to piss-off governments and outspoken in his views. But his influence was overrated pretty much all the time.

    Compare and contrast with Koch brothers.

  4. KD

    “I hope that these donors and the wealthy people not on this list start responding to broader public concerns. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, issues around race, ethnicity and gender and inequality, climate change and protecting our democracy are not going away.”

    Who is “our” Kemosahbe?

  5. Amfortas the hippie

    the only one of those people i have any feelings for that don’t lean way into disgust and contempt is the one who is not mentioned, MacKenzie Scott.
    that said, i see these things…a remnant of that part of the Mindfuck that gave us “Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous”, way back…and i think: man…what could i do with .00000001 % of her money?…i’d be frelling dangerous.
    go buy the san antonio medical center, or something.
    make em an offer they can’t refuse.
    then fire all the suits, convert their offices into patient rooms, put their payroll into indigent care.
    we pay the fool tax(play the lotto), sometimes…because why not?
    and that’s the kind of stuff we talk about at those times.

    of course, when the misanthropy i struggle with is at high tide, i think, rather, about buying up a 20 mile radius around me, letting thems thats there stay until attrition makes it’s move and walling it off and declaring myself a sovereign state.
    and!…to that end, i found a kayak at the dump the other day…needs hardware, cleats and such…and snagged it.
    added it to the Free Navy(2 canoes) over by the debris field.
    i mean, whatever,lol…that’s like kazakhstan having a navy…totally landlocked, and no surface water to speak of. still, i get to point to my Naval Yard.

    1. norm de plume

      ‘we pay the fool tax(play the lotto), sometimes…because why not?
      and that’s the kind of stuff we talk about at those times’

      There is a famous Sydney story about a couple who won Lotto and decided to blow it all on other people less fortunate than themselves.

      There are some good ‘uns about. Or at least there used to be…

  6. Maritimer

    The last part of that article says it all:
    “The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has provided funding for The Conversation U.S. and provides funding for The Conversation internationally.” The Conversation also receives loot from the Trudeau Regime in Canada.
    Just more tax avoidance via so-called charities, good works.
    Any article of this nature would incisively go into the tax details.
    Then there is the large matter of who ends up managing/working at these institutions. The Donors get first dibs on those jobs many of them well paying. Then, of course, they dictate policies and social agenda.

    I had personal experience in the above. Two well-heeled folks showed up in our rural backwater and set up a Non-profit with Dad’s corporate tax shelter loot. Part of the deal were “partnerships” with Government. Both were gainfully employed by the “non-profit” and significant benefits like trips to Nepal. Dad’s corporation had vast experience in setting up and manipulating this particular “non-profit”.

    The movie All The Money In The World about J Paul Getty and his Empire well explains the charity/good works principle. At one point the Getty character says, I paraphrase: I put most of my money into charity because I get to keep most of it and get more power.

    Hey, we Elite, thank you for the Softball, Conversation. Here’s a tip.

  7. Greasebuster

    His son bankrolled Gavin Newsom to do his bidding. One reason no oil extraction tax in California. Nice return on investment for Getty Oil and protection of the elite, plus social engineering.

    Newsom ran for governor with members of the sprawling Getty family donating more than $500,000 to his successful campaign.

    When one of J. Paul Getty’s grandsons was kidnapped, it was Gavin Newsom’s father, the Getty’s lawyer, who delivered the ransom money.

    Ann and Gordon Getty served as Newsom’s unofficially adoptive parents, and had helped finance his meteoric rise in politics.

    Gavin Newsom, running for CA governor, grew up with Gettys

  8. John Anderson

    Great care must be considered in how the rich man’s donation assures being spent in a good loving cause.
    The concern here surrounds the very fact that the giver here has made it known the a good deed being been done.
    Jesus makes it clear not to brag and tell of their giving. I do not know if any of these guys are believers, but even if they are not, it shows a need of want for others to think they are good.

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