Pentagon Porks Up as Covid-19 Bleeds Economy

Yves here. Official America is doubling down on what it has become, a country where redistribution of income to protected interests and industries is a top priority. Despite the fact that the US hasn’t won a war since World War II (and even then, Russia deserves more credit), we keep throwing money at the Pentagon. Exercising soft power is much more cost effective, but it’s way too obvious that national interests broadly defined don’t factor in this equation.

We’ve had so many national grotesqueries that it’s hard to get worked up about yet another….but the Pentagon getting even more dough when Covid-19 is on, particularly when the need to engage in social distancing makes running conventional military operations a health risk? If the extra funding were for Covid-19 related procedural changes, that would be a different matter, but this article by Mandy Smithberger says it’s business as usual, just more so.

If the US really were such a great military power, we wouldn’t be relying so heavily on economic sanctions, particularly denying access to dollar payment systems. As readers have discussed, that policy is leading the designated pariahs to get better at operating outside them (and China to help facilitate that development).

By Mandy Smithberger, the director of the Center for Defense Information at the Project On Government Oversight (POGO). Originally published at TomDispatch

In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, Washington has initiated its largest spending binge in history. In the process, you might assume that the unparalleled spread of the disease would have led to a little rethinking when it came to all the trillions of dollars Congress has given the Pentagon in these years that have in no way made us safer from, or prepared us better to respond to, this predictable threat to American national security. As it happens, though, even if the rest of us remain in danger from the coronavirus, Congress has done a remarkably good job of vaccinating the Department of Defense and the weapons makers that rely on it financially.

There is, of course, a striking history here. Washington’s reflexive prioritizing of the interests of defense contractors has meant paying remarkably little attention to, and significantly underfunding, public health. Now, Americans are paying the price. With these health and economic crises playing out before our eyes and the government’s response to it so visibly incompetent and inadequate, you would expect Congress to begin reconsidering its strategic approach to making Americans safer. No such luck, however. Washington continues to operate just as it always has, filling the coffers of the Pentagon as though “national security” were nothing but a matter of war and more war.

Month by month, the cost of wasting so much money on weaponry and other military expenses grows higher, as defense contractor salaries continue to be fattened at taxpayer expense, while public health resources are robbed of financial support. Meanwhile, in Congress, both parties generally continue to defend excessive Pentagon budgets in the midst of a Covid-19-caused economic disaster of the first order. Such a business-as-usual approach means that the giant weapons makers will continue to take funds from agencies far better prepared to take the lead in addressing this crisis.

There are a number of ways the Pentagon’s budget could be reduced to keep Americans safer and better protected against future pandemics. As the Center for International Policy’s Sustainable Defense Task Force has pointed out, the biggest challenges we now confront, globally speaking — including such pandemics — are not, in fact, military in nature. In truth, hundreds of billions of dollars could be cut with remarkable ease from U.S. military spending and Americans would be far safer.

Recently, some members of Congress have started to focus on this very point. Representative Ro Khanna (D-CA), for instance, proposed diverting money from unnecessary intercontinental ballistic missile “modernization” into coronavirus and vaccine research. Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) has gone further, suggesting a 10% reduction in the Pentagon’s budget, while Representative Barbara Lee (D-CA), the only member of Congress to vote against the post-9/11 war resolution that led to the invasion of Afghanistan, has gone further yet, calling for the cutting of $350 billion from that budget.

But count on one thing: they’ll meet a lot of resistance. There’s no way, in fact, to overstate just how powerfully the congressional committees overseeing such spending are indebted to and under the influence of the defense contractors that profit off the Pentagon budget. As Politico reported years ago (and little’s changed), members of the House Armed Services committee are the top recipients of defense industry campaign contributions. Even the chair of the House Foreign Affairs committee, which should be advocating for the strengthening of American diplomacy, has drawn criticism for the significant backing he receives from the defense industry.

Focusing on Weaponry That Can’t Fight a Virus

Defense contractors have consistently seen such investments pay off. As my colleague at the Project on Government Oversight, Dan Grazier, has pointed out, despite repeated warnings from independent watchdogs and medical professionals, even military healthcare has been significantly underfunded, while both the Pentagon and Congress continue to prioritize buying weapons over taking care of our men and women in uniform. Congress’s watchdog, the Government Accountability Office, warned in February 2018 that the health system of the Department of Defense (DOD) lacked the capacity to handle routine needs, no less the emergencies of wartime. As Pentagon spending has continued to escalate over the past 20 years, military healthcare funding has stayed largely flat.

Under the circumstances, I doubt you’ll be surprised to learn that Congress has also written additional arms contractor giveaways into its coronavirus relief bills. Though its CARES Act authorized trillions of dollars in spending, ProPublica unearthed a provision in it (nearly identical to one proposed by industry groups) that allows defense contractors to bill the government for a range of costs meant to keep them in a “ready” state. The head of acquisition for the Pentagon, Ellen Lord, estimated (modestly indeed) that the provision would cost taxpayers in the low “double-digit billions.” Additional language offered in the House’s next relief bill, likely to survive whatever the Senate finally passes, would increase such profiteering further by including fees that such companies claim are related to the present crisis, including for executive compensation, marketing, and sales.

In such a context, it was hardly surprising that, during a recent hearing at the House Armed Services Committee on how the DOD was responding to the Covid-19 crisis, the focus remained largely on ways that the global epidemic might diminish arms industry profits. Representatives Joe Courtney (D-CT) and Mac Thornberry (R-TX) both argued that the Pentagon would need yet more money to cover the costs of any number of charges that defense contractors claim are related to the pandemic.

Most ludicrous is the idea that an agency slated to receive significantly more than $700 billion in 2020 can’t afford to lose a few billion dollars to the actual health of Americans. Of course, the Pentagon remained strategically mum earlier this year when, in an arguably unconstitutional manner, the White House diverted $7.2 billion from its funds to the building of the president’s “great, great wall” on our southern border. In fact, General Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, even admitted that it wasn’t exactly a major blow for the government agency with the largest discretionary budget. “It was not a significant, immediate, strategic, negative impact to the overall defense of the United States of America,” he assured Congress. “It’s half of one percent of the overall budget, so I can’t in good conscience say that it’s significant, immediate, or the sky is falling.”

A Chicken Little Congress, however, doesn’t consider taking more funds from the Pentagon budget to shore up the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) anywhere near as crucial as, for example, approving the Pacific Deterrence Initiative, a slush fund that will be part of this country’s new Cold War with China — starting with a modest $1.4 billion in seed money, while the homework is done to justify another $5.5 billion next year. Similarly, even in such an economically disastrous moment, who could resist buying yet more of Lockheed Martin’s eternally troubled and staggeringly expensive F-35 Joint Strike Fighters than the Pentagon requested? Comparable support exists, even among senators unwilling to fork over any more dollars to desperate out-of-work Americans, for the president’s Space Force, that new service now in the process of creating a separate set of rules for itself that should allow it free reign over future spending. That, of course, reveals its real mission: making it easier for contractors to profit off the taxpayer.

If anything, the main congressional criticism of the Pentagon is that it’s been too slow to push money out the door. And yet, in an institution that has never been successfully audited, there are red flags galore, as a recent Government Accountability Office assessment of major weapons programs suggests. The costs of such new weapons systems have cumulatively soared by 54%, or $628 billion, from earlier GAO assessments. That, by the way, is almost 90 times this year’s budget request for the CDC.

And that’s just the waste. The same report shows that any number of weapons systems continue to fail in other ways entirely. Of the 42 major programs examined, 35 had inadequate security to prevent cyber attacks. General Dynamics Electric Boat’s $126 billion nuclear submarine program has been plagued by faulty welding for two years. The new Ford class aircraft carrier, built by Huntington Ingalls for $13.2 billion, includes a General Atomics launch system that continues to fail to launch aircraft as designed. In addition, as Bloomberg first reported, the ship’s toilets clog frequently and can only be cleaned with specialized acids that cost about $400,000 a flush. As my colleague Mark Thompson has pointed out, “escalating costs, blown schedules, and weapons unable to perform as advertised” are the norm, not the exception for the Pentagon.

That track record is troubling indeed, given that Congress is now turning to the Pentagon to help lead the way when it comes to this country’s pandemic response. Its record in America’s “forever wars” over the last nearly two decades should make anyone wonder about the very idea of positioning it as a lead agency in solving domestic public health crises or promoting this country’s economic recovery.

Broken Oversight

As the first wave of the pandemic continues and case numbers spike in a range of states, oversight structures designed to prevent waste, fraud, and abuse when it comes to defense spending are quite literally crumbling before our eyes. Combine weakened oversight, skewed priorities, and a Pentagon budget still rising and you’re potentially creating the perfect storm for squandering the resources needed to respond to our current crisis.

The erosion of oversight of the Pentagon budget has been a slow-building disaster, administration by administration, particularly with the continual weakening of the authority of inspectors general. As independent federal watchdogs, IGs are supposed to oversee the executive branch and report their findings both to it and to Congress.

In the Obama administration, however, their power was undermined when the Office of Legal Counsel, the legal expert for the White House, began to argue that accessing the “all” in “all records, reports, audits, reviews, documents, papers, recommendations, or other material” didn’t actually mean “all” when it came to inspectors general. Under President Donald Trump, the same office typically claimed that then-Intelligence Community Inspector General Michael Atkinson did not have the authority to forward to the House and Senate Intelligence committees a concern that the president had improperly withheld aid to Ukraine.

In fact, in the Trump years, such watchdogs have been purged in significant numbers. Shortly after Department of Defense principal Deputy Inspector General Glenn Fine was named to lead the Pandemic Response Accountability Committee, for instance, the president removed him. Not only did that weaken the authority of the body overseeing trillions of dollars in spending across the federal government, but it jeopardized the independence and clout of the Pentagon’s watchdog when it came to billions already being spent by the DOD.

In a similar fashion, the Trump administration has worked hard to stymie Congress’s ability to exercise its constitutional role in conducting oversight. A few months after the president entered the Oval Office, the White House temporarily ordered executive branch agencies to ignore oversight requests from congressional Democrats. Since then, the stonewalling of Congress has only increased. Mark Meadows, the president’s latest chief of staff, has, for example, reportedly implemented a new rule ensuring that executive branch witnesses cannot appear before Congress without his permission. In recent weeks, it was invoked to stop Secretary of State Mike Pompeo from appearing to justify his latest budget request or to answer questions about why his department’s inspector general was removed. (He was, among other things, reportedly investigating Pompeo himself.) Meanwhile, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Mark Milley have both resisted calls from Congress to answer questions about the use of military force against peaceful protesters.

Congress has a number of tools at its disposal to demand answers from the Pentagon. Unfortunately, the committees overseeing that agency have seldom demonstrated the will to exercise them. Last year, however, Congressman Ruben Gallego (D-AZ) added an amendment to a defense bill limiting funds for the secretary of defense’s travel until his department produced a report on disciplinary actions taken after U.S. troops were abushed in Niger in 2018 and four of them died.

That tragic incident was also a reminder that Congress has taken little responsibility for the costs of the endless conflicts the U.S. military has engaged in across significant parts of the planet. Quite the opposite, it continues to leave untouched the 2001 authorization for use of military force, or AUMF, that has been abused by three administrations to justify waging wars ever since. The Congressional Research Service estimates that it has been used in that way at least 41 times in 19 countries. According to Brown University’s Costs of War project, that number should be 80 countries where the U.S. has been engaged in counterterror activities since 2001.

And there are significantly more warning signs in this Covid-19 moment that congressional oversight, long missing in action, is needed more than ever. (Trump’s response, classically enough, was “I’ll be the oversight.”) Typically, among the trillions of dollars Congress put up in responding to the pandemic-induced economic collapse, $10.5 billion was set aside for the Pentagon to take a leading role in addressing the crisis. As the Washington Post reported, among the first places those funds went were golf course staffing, submarine missile tubes, and space launch facilities, which is par for the course for the DOD.

Implementation of the Defense Production Act also betrayed a bizarre sense of priorities in these months. That law, passed in response to the Korean War, was designed to help fill shortfalls in goods in the midst of emergencies. In 2020, that should certainly have meant more masks and respirators. But as Defense One reported, that law was instead used to bail out defense contractors, some of whom weren’t even keeping their employees on staff. General Electric, which had laid off 25% of its workforce, received $20 million to expand its development of “advanced manufacturing techniques,” among things unrelated to the coronavirus. Spirit Aerosystems, which received $80 million to expand its domestic manufacturing, had similarly laid off or furloughed 900 workers.

While Americans are overwhelmed by the pandemic, the Pentagon and its boosters are exploiting the emergency to feather their own nests. Far stronger protections against such behavior are needed and, of course, Congress should take back what rightfully belongs to it under the Constitution, including its ability to stop illegal wars and reclaim its power of the purse. It’s long past time for that body to cancel the blank check it’s given both the Pentagon and the White House. But don’t hold your breath.

In the meantime, as Americans await a future Covid-19 vaccine, the military-industrial complex finds itself well vaccinated against this pandemic moment. Consider it a Pentagon miracle in terrible times.

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  1. John A

    The whole concept of NATO puts the cart before the horse. One of Trump’s big complaints is that e.g. Germany is ‘delinquent’ in not spending the ‘agreed’ 2% of GDP per annum on defence. Any sensible budget would be to create a list of what is required, how much that would cost and then work out how it is to be paid for, or whether certain things on the shopping list can be cut. By stipulating a spending requirement, the temptation then is to spend all this money on whatever shiny toys are out there. And due to interoperability demands, most of these toys are from the US, hence the ridiculous F35 being bought by NATO members.
    Incidentally Stoltenberg has been talking about how NATO can ‘fight’ COVID-19 with no sense of irony.

    1. Ignacio

      Regarding your remarks on Stoltenberg, who thinks NATO should be “more political” it looks like the NATO is doing an effort to appear as an institution helping to fight Covid-19, though without much apparent success. Another role of the NATO would be to fight the disinformation that Russia is, according to them, spreading about the Coronavirus. But if you check this closely, what the the NATO is trying to fight the “disinformation” that says the NATO is doing almost nothing to fight the coronavirus or the NATO is itself spreading the disease. So the NATO is spreading the word that the NATO is needed to fight the disinformation campaign, that only the NATO has noticed, against… the NATO herself. Is tis is how the military justify their mere existence?

      1. John A

        Sir Mark Sedwill, the most senior civil servant in the British Government, and National Security Adviser to the Prime Minister, who up to now has been running the Skripal story, and the evil but incompetent alleged Russian assassins, has been kicked upstairs with a big pay-off and lord title by Boris Johnson via his senior advisor, Cummings, is now touting his candidature to replace Stoltenberg when the time comes in a couple of years. As Nato is increasingly becoming a big disinformation channel, he must be in with a chance. Somehow, people seem to believe the official poisoned door knob story, irrespective of the countless gaping holes in the entire narrative.

        1. divadab

          Sedwill a full-on imperial operator:

          If this is the guy responsible for the ridiculous and unbelievable Skripal IO then clearly intelligence is not a required attribute – much more important to be able to mouth the most absurd lies with a straight face and stick to the official story like a limpet.

    2. kiers

      @John A…LOL….”interoperability demands”…..just imagine! You think Android/Apple try and lock you in to their platforms? You buy ONE f-35 or ONE anti-missile system from US, you have to sign away your entire defense communications network to the US….it’s all there in the fine print of contracts like COMCASA….GSOMIA……and we feel bad about our surveillance phones! LOL.

  2. Sound of the Suburbs

    US taxpayers pay for the military and the wars.
    Private corporations get the spoils.
    Sounds fair to me …….. NOT.

  3. Ignacio

    After reading this depressing piece it was not coincidence to find a devastating interview with Fintan O’Toole at El Pais whose headline was translated online as “It is the first time that the United States creates the impression of being a place worth pity” –there might be a problem with a phrase that was possibly badly translated into Spanish, then back to English I wish I could read O’Toole’s original words– which IMO is the most damning headline dedicated to the political situation in the US in this outlet apart from the daily Trump bashing.

    As this article signals the contrast between an ever increasing military spending without proper oversight, and a lot of money waste, with the Covid-19 response, including CDC cuts, is just ashtonishing. The US, by resources and knowledge, was in a very good position, as O’Toole says in the interview, to have an exemplary response against Covid-19 but has failed miserably. To blame it all on Trump would be excessive but O’Toole suggests a problem was to have someone like Trump as President of the US in the first place.

    Last week, here at NC there were news on Trump removing Federal support for testing in some states (removing testing sites) on the basis of the finding by the paranoid President that detecting more positives goes against his re-election chances, and so, less testing should be done. It was very striking for me to read a reply from a commenter saying that Trump had good reasons to think so, and his action was quite understandable. The moment we can feel empathy for someone who while in a position of maximum responsibility acts solely in his own interest, and believe this makes sense, is the moment when we have to think twice what the hell are we thinking.

  4. Sound of the Suburbs

    The media played a critical role in turning the public against the Vietnam War.
    They covered the war from the sharp end, where all the nasty stuff goes on.
    You don’t have to see much of that before you go off war.

    Today we see it from the other end, as laser guided missiles drop from aircraft and hit their targets.
    Everything is at a nice sanitised distance and war doesn’t look too bad.

    Put the media at the sharp end, where those laser guided missiles land, and people are ripped apart by red, hot shrapnel and then it all gets pretty nasty and people go off war very quickly.

  5. Alex Cox

    The author needs to put their cards on the table. Do they really think that the shooting of four US troops who were “abushed” in Niger was a “tragic incident?”

    Also on the spelling front, can we rein in the misuse of the word “reign”?

    (As they write in Private Eye, I would get out more, but I must first dedicate Monday morning to finding spelling mistakes on my favourite websites)

  6. HH

    The US is effectively pursuing unilateral disarmament through defense contractor corruption. Runaway costs in mismanaged programs are resulting in ever higher unit costs, which is reflected in smaller numbers of deployed aircraft, ships, and ground systems. At the same time, older deployed systems are being starved of maintenance support. The new systems are so complex, fragile, and difficult to sustain in the field that they would probably perform very poorly in actual combat. The last few decades have seen a long parade of bungled big-ticket defense programs, e.g., V22 Osprey, F35 Lightning, Zumwalt destroyer, Littoral Combat Ship, but the prospect of a large-scale conventional war with another nuclear-armed nation is absurd to begin with, so disarming ourselves through corruption doesn’t really threaten us; it just makes us poorer.

    This is what happens when a nation has a coin-operated government: the public treasury is plundered by those who bribe politicians by funding their campaigns.

  7. Paul Whittaker

    sanction kill also. at a time when the US seems incapable of providing any sense of heath care to the mass’ Rubio, Scott and Cruz are pushing for sanctions on any country accepting medical aid from Cuba. Most will already be the poorest to start with, denying life saving health care from the one country willing to share it sure tells it like it is.

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