John Helmer: The Lure of Foreign Investment in Ukraine – Meet Jaanika Merilo

Yves here. This is surreal. I suppose you could consider the choice of faceperson to be a form of truth in advertising.

By John Helmer, the longest continuously serving foreign correspondent in Russia, and the only western journalist to direct his own bureau independent of single national or commercial ties. Helmer has also been a professor of political science, and an advisor to government heads in Greece, the United States, and Asia. He is the first and only member of a US presidential administration (Jimmy Carter) to establish himself in Russia. Originally published at Dances with Bears

jaaninka merilo ukraine

The case for foreign investment in Ukraine is to be made by a specialist in sado-masochism, cosmetic surgery, and undress. Jaanika Merilo (above), 35, a member of the Estonian parliament of Ukrainian origin with US and UK training, was appointed the government advisor on foreign investment in Kiev on January 5. She will report to Aivaras Abromavičius, a Lithuanian and Ukraine’s Minister of Economic Development and Trade since December. In a press campaign this month which Merilo has authorized, she likens herself to the Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie.

In London and Brussels, Merrilo has promoted herself as the executive head of the Ukrainian Venture Capital and Private Equity Association (UVCA), which is backed by Horizon Capital, the US Government-funded operation of Natalie Jaresko, who became the Ukrainian Finance Minister on December 3. The Warsaw Stock Exchange and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) are backers of Merilo’s association, through which she also claims to be a protégé of Sir Richard Branson (below, left), and a “Facebook friend” of Edward Lucas (right). Lucas is the first e-citizen of Estonia, and is basing his media promotion business there.

Branson Lucas Ukraine


Merilo told the Wall Street Journal her group has 32 members; 18 are private equity and venture capital firms. The lawyers to the association are Arzinger of Kiev. This firm, close to Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk and President Petro Poroshenko, has provided appointees as deputy attorney-general and deputy minister of justice, in charge of negotiations with Brussels and Washington, as well as the a member of President’s Judicial Reform Council.

According to Merilo, her line of business is good for fighting corruption. “It is obvious that the corruption is deep-rooted in the Ukrainian society and it is very hard to uproot it…digital solutions, such as the e-government, where the human contact is minimized, would help to fight against corruption.”

In April of 2014, five weeks after Ukrainian President Victor Yanukovich was ousted in Kiev, Merilo says she became chairman of the management board of the BrainBasket Foundation. The purpose of the foundation was “to change Ukraine,to make I.T. a driving factor in creating a strong economy”. BrainBasket says it was launched on April 15, and confirms Merilo’s appointment. It also reports Merilo as coming from the “Center for Ukrainian European Development”. To advertise her presentation at a subsequent conference in London, Merilo claimed she was managing director of the “Center of Ukrainian European Development and Integration”. No entity with either name can be located.

Supporting the foundation in addition to Branson, BrainBasket claims it’s on the receiving end of “donati[on] funds” from the Ukrainian Government, Microsoft and Cisco, as well as Luxoft, the Russian IT outsourcing operator. In its US share-listing papers in mid-2013, Luxoft reported that its future profitability depends on cheap Ukrainian and Russian labour.

Gil-TaranWorking beside Merilo as president of the Brainbasket Foundation is Gil Taran (right). He says he comes from Israel, teaches “information security” at Carnegie-Mellon University in Pennsylvania, and works “with government clients in the financial, operational and defense sectors”. The governments, according to Taran, include Kazakhstan, China, India, Portugal, Mexico, and Colombia.

In May 2014, days after Merilo started at BrainBasket, she was appointed an expert on the Ukrainian Government’s “E-Governance Strategic Advisory Group”. After another month she became a board member of UANGEL, the Ukrainian Business Angels Network. The Angels Network describes itself as the beneficiary of anonymous Ukrainian oligarchs who “rarely mention high return expectations (as we know, angels all over the world target yearly investment return rates of 25-30%) as their main reason. At this stage of market development, they are guided by other things – an opportunity to be engaged with innovation, to keep up with trends, find synergy for their current businesses, obtain a technology, be closer to the creative class of young entrepreneurs and talent pool – but not primarily by the desire to earn more money.”

Merilo’s pitch has been to employ Ukrainians for the IT sector, with a target of producing 100,000 computer operators and programmers by the year 2020, generating a target $20 billion in revenues. According to the BrainBasket website, “Ukraine has an opportunity to use the IT Industry as a locomotive to drive growth and become the IT powerhouse of Europe, or you could call it the BrainBasket of Europe”. The political idea is: “Grow the Middle Class. The vast majority of these revenues will be paid out to the employees, who would then drive growth in Ukraine when spending their income.”

The BBC identifies the scheme as funded by Branson.

Bernard-CaseyBernard Casey (right), an American, is another of Merilo’s backers. He became head of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine in January of 2014. By the end of April, Casey was touting an inventory of two hundred state-owned assets in Ukraine which he was putting together for privatization sale to foreign investors. In December Merilo endorsed Casey (no relation to William Casey of the CIA) as “a very strong networker with wide range of contacts from USA to Ukraine, very good specialist and one of the most honorable, pleasant and likable business partners and colleagues anyone could have.”Casey’s previous job was promoting a wind-energy park in Crimea, controlled by Valery Borovik.

In August Merilo helped draft the prospectus for the Ukrainian Venture Capital and Private Equity Association (UVCA). This describes its function as a fixer for foreign investors in Ukraine, and lobbyist between them and the government in Kiev. The goals, says the prospectus, are to be the “gateway to Ukraine for foreign private equity investors; promoting Ukrainian investment opportunities to foreign investors in industry eventsand in one-on-one meetings; organizing roadshows for international investors in Ukraine as well as Ukrainian investors abroad; supporting creating IT success stories in Ukraine”; together with “amending legislation on improving business and investment climate; lobbying for creating new investment vehicles and schemes to expand investment opportunities; International support in lobbying…”

Merilo says she feels Ukrainian. “I was born in Estonia, so it’s a little bit twisted and mixed how many percent I’m Ukrainian, Estonian and so on, but actually, I somehow feel it’s [Ukraine] my mission…If you have Ukrainian roots it’s much easier to understand this mentality, and the perceptions. It’s harder for me to say how Estonian perceptions have changed, because I’m half-Ukrainian and not an average Estonian…We didn’t really think about [national identity]. We didn’t categorize ourselves. It was part of our identity, and before you have that choice to make, you don’t really think about it. When the conflict came you had to pick ‘sides’, and then there was more of a variation. I’m very much Ukrainian at the moment, I just live in Estonia. I think everyone’s got to make their own decisions.”

With an Estonian business degree and additional study at Cornell University in the US and the University of Cumbria in the UK, Merilo got her big business break with Estonian, Urmas Sõõrumaa (below, left). She describes him as her “guru”.

A car mechanic by trade, Sõõrumaa served in the Soviet armed forces during the conscription era, and then, between 1983 and 1991, he rose through the ranks of the Soviet-controlled Interior Ministry of Estonia. According to Merilo, he wasn’t a policeman. According to him, he was an inspector of militia. Whether he inspected cars or criminals isn’t clear. After Estonia became independent, Sõõrumaa started selling protection, er security services to building and real estate developers. He then moved upstream into real estate investment and investment management.

In 2008 Sõõrumaa was telling the local press that Estonia wasn’t good for his business. By 2013 he had remedied that, selling out to the UK security group G4S, and consolidating his remaining protection operations in USS Security Esti AS. According to Sõõrumaa, USS Security owns “a third of Estonia’s security service’s market”, with a private army of at least 1,300. Sõõrumaa has also branched out into the “manned and technical security services” sector in Ukraine. Garbage collection, landfill, biogas, and tennis are other lines of his business.

Merilo says she worked for Sõõrumaa for several years.



Sõõrumaa is also an adept of James Bond – the flicks, that is. That’s Sõõrumaa (above right) practising his moves at a party for the Estonian premiere for “Skyfall”, which Sõõrumaa’s USS Security company paid for at Sõõrumaa’s US Art Gallery in Tallinn in November 2012. The lady being throttled is Kati Toots (née Kõiv), whom the local media describe as a “socialite” and having, like Merilo, a guru in a branch of the Estonian police and intelligence services.

Jaanika Merilo’s new guru, Ukrainian economic development and trade minister Abromavičius, has been associated in the past with Lithuanian government-funded efforts to swing western Ukraine toward the European Union – for example, the Centre for European Integration of Ukraine. The Lithuanian Government reports funding several entities like this.

Just after her Kiev appointment was announced, Merilo told the Estonian media “Ukraine needs reforms within weeks… although the hostilities in the eastern Ukraine have not stopped and are a depressive topic, it wouldn’t obstruct the reforms.”

The war in the east of the country looked to be good for Merilo’s line of business, even before she was given her job in Kiev. On December 30, she told Estonia Public Broadcasting: “The key principle of introducing e-government to Ukraine is to ‘pick the functionality that fits the need today.’ The example she cites is the 27 military hospitals currently using differing IT systems, into which the e-health infrastructure used successfully in North Estonia Military Hospital is being introduced. ‘Now we’re copying the main functionality, giving it to Ukraine, and Ukrainians are plugging in certain databases, and whatever is needed. I’ve always said that local government should support the development of local IT products and local services, but today we don’t have this time. Anything that could be adopted and copied cheaply, quickly and efficiently is very good. We’re taking the Estonian software and adapting it for Ukraine.’ Ukraine’s Ministry of Internal Affairs, she adds, wish to utilize similar e-government IT systems for use with the country’s National Guard.”

She added that Estonia “is offering practical assistance by using its technical knowhow to bring help to those on the frontline of the fighting.”

AbromavičiusIn a photograph with Abromavičius (right), published on January 17,  Jaanika Merilo has opted for office coveralls and blackened hair. The official on her left is the Prime Minister of Estonia, Taavi Roivas. It’s her maiden appearance as a Ukrainian official: Merilo is missing from the photo record of a meeting Abromavičius held last week with Nathan Sheets, the US Treasury Undersecretary for International Affairs. Sheets told Abromavičius that “provided Ukraine remains on-track with the reform program it has agreed with the International Monetary Fund (IMF)”, the US will sign a $1 billion loan guarantee. Also, “if Ukraine continues making concrete progress on its reform agenda and if conditions warrant,” Sheets added: “the U.S. Administration will be willing, working with Congress, to provide an additional $1 billion loan guarantee in late 2015.”

Two days after Sheets, Merilo was also excluded from the record of Abromavičius’s meeting with Peter Balazs from the European Commission. Balazs, according to the Ukrainian record, told Abromavičius the EU isn’t so keen on the privatization selloff which Merilo and Casey have been promoting.

Merilo was asked to clarify the date and purpose of the photographs which she has released on the internet, displaying her in undress, her lips, a knife at her lips, and tasting blood; they were published last week by a website called Peoples Trust Toronto. Merilo did not reply. Asked whether funding for the Ukrainian Venture Capital and Private Equity Association has come from government bodies such as the Ukrainian Government, the European Union, EBRD, or the US Agency for International Development, she refused to say.

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    1. diptherio

      For some reason I kept flashing on Eyes Wide Shut while reading this piece. Don’t wanna get all foily, but would anyone really be surprised if it turned out all these shysters are members of some weird sex cult?

      1. Maju

        I wouldn’t be surprised at all. Certainly not with all the sex slavery and child abuse scandals that shatter the oligarchy in many places (very particularly Britain) and that are brushed under the rug by the complicit media. Absolute power, much as Caligula’s, has that vicious side indeed.

  1. Nonanon

    If the US can’t export democracy, why not capitalism?

    Or, did they just do both? This NWO thing isn’t too hard to follow. When Russia collapsed, capialism, having no moral compass, filled the void left by socialism, which has yet to collapse the west. Even better following the US model of privatizing profit and socializing risk.

    At least there seems to be a market niche for thugs, models, and sweat shops. Foreign companies can import the labor for stealing their natural resources and the government can provide their own security.

    What’s next, a film industry? Haven’t we already seen this one?

    1. hemeantwell

      The US exports democracy in order to export capitalism. But even that is naive: the US will export any political form that is consistent with penetration and control of a country’s economy. In the case of Russia, capitalism didn’t fill a void, it filled a crater.

  2. ambrit

    NC has mentioned being the target of hack attempts from China in the past. What about Ukraine? That region has a bad reputation for internet sex scams and the like. They would appear to be a natural cover for dirty dealings in all I.T. With the West connection, bloody Branson for C—–s sake, the International Oligarchs meme goes all RICO on us.

  3. Damian

    “you could consider the choice of faceperson to be a form of truth in advertising.”

    Grifting is a business! But it usually needs a recognizable name or a catalyst. As demonstrated by Clinton who secured $13 million in “cash” for his Fund in the Ukraine. This chick could have improved her Ukraine Grifting Business Model and vastly expanded her rolodex with the Elites, by now, if she worked for Jeffrey Epstein when she was 16 years old.

  4. DJG

    When you posted another link a day or two ago, I clicked and thought that I had entered an Onion mirror site. This article still seems like something only The Onion editors could come up with. Yet people are dying in eastern Ukraine, and we’re being told that Europe wants this. The people profiled are as crazy as those in ISIS–just throw in Victoria Nuland, a few billion dollars, and mix. What could go wrong?

    [P.S.: And Putin is irrational? I notice that he settled for Crimea, for obvious geographic reasons.]

    1. RBHoughton

      Its not the Onion. Its not paranioa either. The world has gone gaga and it seems to be due to the stress on our masters, each imperatively seeking for inwards investment and not finding any.

      In Ukraine we have crashed the economy, reduced asset prices and should make a few bob on mineral concessions but former investors (EBRD etc) have lost a fortune so its six of one and half a dozen of the other.

  5. Peter Pan

    Seems a lot of dubious personalities with sociopathic tendencies (the sharks) smell blood in the water of an economic basket case (Ukraine) and have come to feed on the public goods for privatization. This has all the appearance of corruption gone wild. I suspect that both the speculating sharks and the Ukrainian people will lose their shirts, especially after the existing oligarchs in Ukraine have their way with them all.

  6. Jim Haygood

    ‘This has all the appearance of corruption gone wild.’

    Please, Peter. These folks are our new best friends. We’ve promised to give them another billion, on top of the billion we gave them last year. Maybe the president will even mention it in his speech tonight.

    Actually Ukies are a lot like Okies. It’s just that they live on the other side of the world, and they have less money. Maybe they could become our 52nd state.

  7. Generalfeldmarschall von Hindenburg

    Can Paul Singer be far behind? I’m sure there’ll be money to be made in vulture funds. There’s no way Ukraine can pay off the debt the IMF and the rest will load them up with for all that military equipment the US isn’t sending >Koff<

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