“Worse Than Big Tobacco”: How Big Pharma Fuels the Opioid Epidemic

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By Lynn Parramore, a senior research analyst at the Institute for New Economic Thinking. Originally published at the Institute for New Economic Thinking website

Over a 40-year career, Philadelphia attorney Daniel Berger has obtained millions in settlements for investors and consumers hurt by a rogues’ gallery of corporate wrongdoers, from Exxon to R.J. Reynolds Tobacco. But when it comes to what America’s prescription drug makers have done to drive one of the ghastliest addiction crises in the country’s history, he confesses amazement.

“I used to think that there was nothing more reprehensible than what the tobacco industry did in suppressing what it knew about the adverse effects of an addictive and dangerous product,” says Berger. “But I was wrong. The drug makers are worse than Big Tobacco.”

The U.S. prescription drug industry has opened a new frontier in public havoc, manipulating markets and deceptively marketing opioid drugs that are known to addict and even kill. It’s a national emergency that claims 90 lives per day. Berger lays much of the blame at the feet of companies that have played every dirty trick imaginable to convince doctors to overprescribe medication that can transform fresh-faced teens and mild-mannered adults into zombified junkies.

So how have they gotten away with it?

A Market for Lies

The prescription drug industry is a strange beast, born of perverse thinking about markets and economics, explains Berger. In a normal market, you shop around to find the best price and quality on something you want or need—a toaster, a new car. Businesses then compete to supply what you’re looking for. You’ve got choices: If the price is too high, you refuse to buy, or you wait until the market offers something better. It’s the supposed beauty of supply and demand.

But the prescription drug “market” operates nothing like that. Drug makers game the patent and regulatory systems to create monopolies over every single one of their products. Berger explains that when drug makers get patent approval for brand-name pharmaceuticals, the patents create market exclusivity for those products—protecting them from competition from both generics and brand-name drugs that treat the same condition. The manufacturers can now exploit their monopoly positions, created by the patents, by marketing their drugs for conditions for which they never got regulatory approval. This dramatically increases sales. They can also charge very high prices because if you’re in pain or dying, you’ll pay virtually anything.

Using all these tricks, opioid manufacturers have been able to exploit the public and have created a whole new generation of desperate addicts. They monopolize their products and then, as Berger puts it, “market the hell out of them for unapproved and dangerous uses.”

Opioids are a drug class that includes opium derivatives like heroin (introduced by German drug maker Bayer in 1898), synthetics like fentanyl, and prescription painkillers like oxycodone (brand name: OxyContin). A number of factors are aggravating the addiction crisis: There has been a movement in medicine to treat pain more aggressively, while at the same time wide-ranging economic distress has generated a desire to escape a dismal reality. But a key driving force is doctors—who have been wooed by pharmaceutical marketing reps—overprescribing for chronic pain.

“For the first time since the years after heroin was invented,” writes investigative journalist Sam Quinones in Dreamland: The True Tale of America’s Opiate Epidemic, “the root of the scourge was not some street gang or drug mafia but doctors and drug companies.”

Doctors were once reluctant to write prescriptions for opioids. The U.S. drug regulator, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), would only approve such drugs for severe cases like cancer patients in chronic agony or certain people in short-term pain after, say, an operation. But representatives of Connecticut-based drug maker Purdue, which released OxyContin in 1996, along with other companies, began to flood doctors’ offices with reports asserting that using the drug for off-label purposes was harmless. Often the targets were primary care physicians with little training in addiction. Have a chronic arthritis case? Give your patient OxyContin. Tell folks take it every day, for weeks, even years, to treat just about any kind of chronic pain. The upshot was addiction —typically not because people were getting high for fun, but because they used a legal drug in precisely the way the doctor ordered.

Purdue and others whisked doctors to stylish retreats to push them to prescribe drugs for uses not approved by U.S. regulators—a marketing strategy banned by federal law. They even created fake grassroots organizations to make it seem as though patients were demanding more prescriptions. Pharmaceutical companies like to dodge responsibility for the opioid crisis by blaming dishonest distributors and pointing out that they’re not the ones prescribing or handing out drugs to patients. True enough: They don’t need to, because they’ve done their work hooking you long before the drug is in your hands.

“The marketing is not only fraudulent; it’s incredibly elaborate,” says Berger. “Fake scientific studies promote the lie that opioids are better than other medications for pain. They’ve gone to just about any length. Bribery, you name it. It’s outrageous.”

OxyContin is so addictive that it can create physical dependency in a matter of weeks. As drug makers and doctors who began to dole out pills by the handful in pain clinics learned, addicts do not behave like ordinary consumers. They don’t “choose” to buy or to wait until next week. They need their drug right away and will do anything to get it because if they don’t, they will suffer excruciating symptoms.

A Los Angeles Times report shows that among the lies Purdue spread about OxyContin was that one pill subdued pain for twelve hours. Except that for many patients it wears off much sooner, exposing them to horrific pain and withdrawal. Purdue knew this, but feared lower sales if it admitted the truth. So sales reps advised doctors to just give stronger doses, which increased the addiction risk.

As the money from hooked patients piled up, so did the bodies. So many bodies that earlier this year the Ohio Coroner’s Office found nowhere to store them.

In 2007, Purdue pleaded guilty in federal court in Virginia to misleading doctors and patients about OxyContin’s safety and paid a $600 million fine. But that sum was hardly an annoyance. From 1995 to 2015, Purdue made $35 billion from OxyContin sales alone. The Sacklers, who own the company, are now one of the richest families in America, as revealed by this triumphant Forbes spread. They know that lax regulation keeps the heat off, and that even litigation and criminal prosecutions can do little to stop them. Berger says that until such legal programs are massive in scale and scope, companies will go on with business as usual.“We have to have injunctive relief [a court order to stop a behavior] that bans the marketing to doctors of opioids completely for unapproved uses, as well as an expansion of the FDA and DEA [Drug Enforcement Agency] to specifically target the drugs,” says Berger. His law firm, Berger & Montague, is involved in the effort to seek relief for the city of Philadelphia, which has seen above-average opioid prescribing and suffered the highest rates of fatal drug overdoses in the state last year.

Even though prescriptions have been slightly reduced across the country since 2012, Philadelphia is finding out what happens to many people hooked on opioids when they can’t get a prescription or find the price too high: They turn to smack. Fatal overdoses of heroin, oxycodone’s close cousin, have been skyrocketing since 2007 across the country.

“Landscapes of Despair”

The opium poppy has been part of human history since at least 3,400 B.C. when it was cultivated in Mesopotamia as the “joy plant.” Derivates, such as laudanum and morphine, offered more convenient and, people wrongly believed, safer ways to get the plant’s benefits. Bayer originally touted heroin as a non-addictive substitute for morphine, even for children, until it was outlawed in the U.S. in 1925. Rendering it illegal did not stop it from destroying the lives of many of America’s most celebrated artists, from Billie Holiday to Philip Seymour Hoffman.

Drug overdoses now kill more people than gun homicides and car crashes combined. In 2015, nearly two-thirds of all overdoses had one thing in common: opioids. As more and more names appear in the obituaries linked to opioid overdoses, most recently Buddhist teacher Michael Stone, Americans begin to wonder who is next.

Syracuse University’s Shannon Monnat, a sociologist focused on rural issues and an INET grantee, has been studying the epidemic and how it impacts various populations. Her research reveals that the rise in drug-induced deaths has been especially sharp among middle-aged people (45-55), with prescription opioid overdoses increasingly impacting both middle-aged and older populations. Heroin, whose sedating and euphoric effects are very similar to prescription opioids, looks to be the culprit in more young adult overdoses.

Monnat considers how the opioid crisis points to bigger societal problems impacting the economy, educational institutions, the health care system, political systems, and communities. Her work centers on investigating the characteristics of what she calls “landscapes of despair”—places where people are hurting economically and socially, like Appalachia, the Industrial Midwest, and parts of New England. She points out that persistent disadvantage and long-term poverty are clearly connected to the opioid crisis, noting that many of the areas most impacted were once robust centers of manufacturing before jobs moved to other countries.

Opioid addiction seems to thrive in downwardly mobile small cities in rural areas—but not all of them. “What’s fascinating is that some of these areas have very high mortality rates from drug overdose, like Appalachia,” say Monnat. “But others, like the Southern “Black Belt” [a region which stretches across Alabama and Mississippi], have not seen such rises.”

Originally named for its rich, dark, soil—which attracted cotton planters in the 19th century—the Black Belt has a large African American population. The area has a history of unremitting poverty, low incomes, high unemployment, and high mortality. Yet despite many hardships, which are linked the legacy of slavery, Monnat says that the region is also distinct for its “very tight-knit communities, strong kinship networks, and other networks where people can find emotional support.” It seems that when people have somewhere to turn in hard times, they may build up immunity to an epidemic like the opioid scourge.

Ironically, another factor that may have protected these communities is prejudice, as Quinones discusses in Dreamland. The low-profile heroin dealers originating from a small municipality on Mexico’s west coast who are associated with the current opioid scourge have tended to fear black Americans, preferring to target white communities. They also avoid big cities where large cartels are already established. So small, predominately white towns are their sweet spot.

Appalachia is known for kinship networks, but it also has a legacy of isolation and an outlaw tradition associated with the history of moonshining and bootlegging which can feed into today’s underground selling and distribution of opioid drugs. In this region, much of the struggling white working class has experienced economic distress with little hope of relief from America’s political system. Democrats often openly disdain “rednecks” and “hillbillies” while concentrating on identity politics rather than economic hardship. Republicans promote policies of free trade and deregulation that cast the region further into destitution.

Monnat has found that counties with large numbers of people employed in physical labor—especially occupations with higher rates of disability—have higher rates of drug fatalities. These are places where coal miners work in backbreaking positions and military veterans suffer the pain of injuries. She observes that drug companies have besieged these areas with aggressive marketing of pain pills. “In Appalachia, you’d see mining companies with physicians on staff prescribing opioids to keep people in pain working,” she says. “That was happening before OxyContin, but companies like Purdue targeted these communities to push OxyContin as a safer alternative to other pain medications.”

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) report that the opioid epidemic, which started as a regional crisis, is now a national crisis. It casts a pall over far more than individual lives; it is now decimating communities and even helping to reshape the American political landscape. Monnat finds a relationship between the landscapes of despair and the 2016 presidential election. Voting patterns show that areas in which President Trump did better than expected, like Pennsylvania and Ohio, were also places where opioid overdoses and deaths from alcohol and suicide occurred at high rates over the past decade.

During his campaign, Trump expressed concern for people in regions like Appalachia and flung stinging barbs at the politicians who had failed them. These voters supported him in high numbers, and yet sadly, his policies will likely give more power to the pharmaceutical companies that have turned their suffering into stock windfalls.

Profit Trumps People

Trump the campaigner shook his fist at Big Pharma for “getting away with murder”—one of those statements that occasionally drops from his lips with atomic accuracy. But Trump the President has done an about-face. As journalist David Dayen has pointed out, a draft of an executive order on drug prices (which never materialized) called for deregulation of the FDA and favors to industry. It was written by none other than a pharmaceutical lobbyist.

In March, President Trump issued an executive order creating a commission to study drug addiction and the opioid epidemic. The commission, headed by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, has so far released recommendations which locate the overprescribing problem “in doctor’s offices and hospitals in every state in our nation,” while making nary a mention of pharmaceutical marketing departments.  The panel suggests insufficient remedies like new treatment facilities and educating schoolchildren on the dangers of opioids, along with ineffective ones like more funds to Homeland Security. Regulation of Big Pharma? Nope.

The federal government did announce that it would team up with drug makers to research and generate non-opioid pain medications and additional medication-assisted treatment options. Among the participants? Purdue.

Economist William Lazonick of the University of Massachusetts Lowell and an INET grantee, agrees with Berger that the way the pharmaceutical industry operates amounts to a catastrophe for the public. “It’s crazy that each and every drug is not treated like a regulated monopoly,” he says. “Taxpayers fund much of the research that goes into creating these drugs through the NIH and other public research facilities. Moreover, the companies are gifted with a monopoly through patents which last two decades.”

Lazonick notes that Big Pharma claims that it needs high profits to keep inventing new drugs, but it spends more of its profits buying back its own stock than increasing investment in R&D on new drugs. Executives running drug companies are incentivized to make profits any way they can because they are rewarded by high stock prices. Lazonick explains that they stoke those stock prices by gouging patients or lying about the safety of products—whatever it takes.

He observes that for the past several decades America has undergone a devastating experiment based on the philosophy of economist Milton Friedman, who claimed that the only social responsibility of a company is to make a profit. Untimely deaths from tobacco-related illnesses, auto safety failures, and now, harmful opioid drugs, prove that the experiment is a tragic failure.

Lazonick sees the need for nothing less than a new structure of corporate governance that ensures the ethical responsibly of drug makers to do what they are supposed to do: create high-quality, low-cost products that are safe. The current structure, based on the misguided idea that companies should be run for the sole purpose of enriching shareholders, is particularly perverse when it comes to products that are potentially fatal. The problem with this model is that when shareholders are the only people who matter, the rest of us suffer.

Since taxpayers support pharmaceutical companies by funding public research and many other things they require to do business, Lazonick says it is only fair and logical that someone representing the public sit on their boards. Berger adds that companies should be required to make drugs widely available at affordable prices in return for their use of publicly-funded, basic research at no cost whatsoever.

America, for the time being, stands out among nations in letting pharmaceutical companies run amok to inflate drug prices, advertise and market drugs without proper regulation, and use taxpayer resources while exposing them to egregious harm. “The only thing America’s drug companies are competitive about,” says Lazonick, “is getting people addicted.

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32 comments

  1. Darn

    “We have to have injunctive relief [a court order to stop a behavior] that bans the marketing to doctors of opioids completely for unapproved uses, as well as an expansion of the FDA and DEA to specifically target the drugs”

    Sanders and Conyers should introduce a bill to achieve the same result.

    Reply
  2. Kris Alman

    Corporate executives and their boards scapegoat shareholders for this obvious conflict of interest.

    “…the ethical responsibly of drug makers to do what they are supposed to do: create high-quality, low-cost products that are safe. The current structure, based on the misguided idea that companies should be run for the sole purpose of enriching shareholders…”

    Reply
  3. s.n.

    Money talks: The Mortimer Sackler wikipedia page is a marvel of puffery: “Using his fortune from pharmaceuticals he became a generous donor to charitable causes across the world“.
    Seems highly unlikely that the Sacklers will ever be.held to account for their crimes.

    Reply
    1. Kris Alman

      Read Sackler’s bio and watch Narcos, and there is no real difference between Mortimer Sackler and Pedro Escobar. What discriminates them is Sackler’s cartel was spawned from his career as a psychiatrist. Nobody can claim that psychiatrists can’t be psychopaths.

      Reply
      1. Arizona Slim

        I know from personal experience that psychiatrists can be warm, caring people. They also can be indifferent medication pushers. I’ve dealt with both. Here’s a story from the Arizona Slim file:

        I owe my present quality of life to a friend of a friend who practiced in the VA system. To say that this guy was mental was an understatement. Poor guy needed a shrink of his own.

        Then there was that afternoon in a hot tub east of Pittsburgh. Dr. Ed, his lady friend (who was a close friend of mine), and I were soaking with the family that owned the tub. Wonderful hot tub, BTW.

        Any-hoo, I was seeing one of those indifferent medication pushers, and he was insisting that I start taking a prescription drug. I didn’t want to. I knew people who were on it, and oh, did they have some serious side effects. So, in front of everyone else in the tub, I shared my misgivings with Dr. Ed.

        His response: “You’re too young for that [drug]. It’s way too strong for you.”

        Best second opinion I’ve ever gotten. When I went back to Dr. Indifferent, I just said NO to drugs. And I kept saying it.

        Well, guess what: My resistance to pharma gave me the will to get better. Less than a year after the hot tub psychiatric session with Dr. Ed, I said goodbye to Dr. Indifferent.

        That was in 1986. I’ve gone through plenty of hard times since then, but I’ve been able to figure things out without the use of drugs.

        As for Dr. Ed, I never got a chance to thank him for what he did for me. A few months after the hot tub soak, he had a major falling out with his lady friend. That ended my connection to him.

        A quick search on his name showed that he died in January. He was 90 years old.

        Reply
        1. Terry Flynn

          Psychiatrists are meant to have a “mentor” – to both check on what they’re doing and assess their mental health. I remember seeing a presentation on types of ill health among physicians and there’s truth in the old wives tale that shrinks are nuts themselves – and I’ve seen this at the sharp end too. There’s a, let’s just say “odd/difficult” situation in a mental health care Trust around here due to this problem.

          Reply
      2. Harry

        I think the CIA employed a couple of psychiatrists to devise innovative ways of increasing willingness to communicate among Muslims. I believe there are still some lawsuits pending.

        I prefer the old fashioned phrase “put them to the question”.

        Reply
  4. geoff

    Thanks NC for continuing to follow this issue. In my opinion, this is largely a regulatory failure by the FDA and DEA (and the CDC). You linked an article earlier this year from the LA Times in which they investigated a “pill mill” clinic and pharmacies on skid row where the homeless were paid to get opioid prescriptions. Just the sheer quantity of pills sold (legally!) nationwide should have raised red flags at FDA/ DEA years ago. Purdue is, again, legally, killing people and profiting handsomely from it: 20,000 people died from prescription pain relievers in 2015 ALONE per the American Society of Addiction Medicine.

    https://www.asam.org/docs/default-source/advocacy/opioid-addiction-disease-facts-figures.pdf

    (@Kris, it’s Pablo Escobar, but point taken.)

    Reply
    1. RUKidding

      But of course Trump ran on a platform that we need much LESS regulation and is seeking to cut budgets and tie the hands even more of most/all regulatory agencies. All to the approval of Republican (and probably some portion of Democratic) voters, who somehow believe that regulations are the bane of our existence.

      And so on…

      Reply
  5. RUKidding

    Anecdotal stories FWIW:

    Someone I work with has a serious opiod addiction, which presently appears to be ruining their life. Off work for quite a few months now on medical leave for psychiatric reasons. Apparently getting the new version of electric shock. I am reminded that Carrie Fisher, who was on a host of prescription meds + street drugs for depression, also had the new version of electric shock, which I believe Fisher said had helped her. Sad to say, she died of possible heart attack (Not sure??) with a variety of drugs – legal and non-legal – in her system.

    My co-worker claims to have ongoing joint pains and has taken opiods for decades. Refuses outright to try any type of physical therapy or swimming or what have you. It’s all better living through chemistry. Now strictly regulated on what and when to take drugs, which have basically messed their head so that they truly cannot think clearly and can no longer do the job. The time off for medical reasons is a last desparate attempt to do ??? something. Immediately followed up three month mental health leave by scheduling another joint replacement, which they had to search high and low to find a doctor to agree to do it. I figure that a lot of the joint replacements are to get the really “good” heavy-duty drugs. Plus another 3 months off work for recovery.

    This person is a total mess. Feel very sorry. Probably will lose job bc ultimately can no longer do it. Always focus on work performance, which has radically declined over the past 2 years. Sigh.

    Second story: hiking the other day met a garrulous fellow who started talking about his 92 year old mother who has also been on opiods for at least 2 decades apparently due to pain in legs (?) and other joints. Fellow said mom has to be very strictly medicated, or she’d “go crazy.” He is concerned about his mom being addicted, but feels helpless bc the medical system got her this way.

    His mom also demanded a hip replacement at 90, which son was skeptical of. Said mom’s bone density was bad and was concerned that replacing the hip would make matters worse. But mom demanded and got the surgery, which apparently didn’t go well. Mom is 92 and very addicted to opiods. Son not happy, but what to do?

    This is so wrong on so many levels. Once people get addicted to these drugs – and generally it’s done without requiring the patient to do anything else like PT or other alternative things (meditation, whatever) – it IS very painful to go through withdrawal. And most of these people really are not motivated to go through withdrawal, and I’m not even sure if our medical system has figured out how to HAVE opiod addicts go through some kind of monitored withdrawal.

    Of course, the 1% could give a stuff. They got RICH from addicting a significant portion of the populace, who are now enslaved to their addiction. So it’s easier to control them. And if they die? So? One less useles mouth to feed.

    Color me utterly skeptical than Trump, or any other current politician, will do anything worthwhile in terms of addressing this crisis. Too many rich people making too much money from it.

    ptoui!

    Reply
    1. Arizona Slim

      Your co-worker’s story could have been my story. That’s why I’m so grateful for what Dr. Ed did for me back in 1985.

      Reply
  6. perpetualWAR

    It’s OUR fault. We have allowed lobbyists to completely take over our government. To fix this, it’s up to each one of us. No one was outraged enough watching the financial crooks steal 18 million homes…..and apparently, we aren’t outraged enough that this opiod epidemic is killing thousands of people. What is wrong is that we are not heading to our prospective legislative halls with pitchforks. That is long overdue.

    Reply
  7. Thor's Hammer

    “God damn the Pusher Man”
    Steppenwolf/Hoyt Axton:, 1970

    “You know, I’ve seen a lot of people walkin’ ’round
    With tombstones in their eyes
    But the pusher don’t care
    Ah, if you live or if you die

    You know the dealer, the dealer is a man
    With the love grass in his hand
    Oh but the pusher is a monster
    Good God, he’s not a natural man

    Well, now if I were president of this land
    You know, I’d declare total war on the pusher man
    I’d cut if he stands,
    And I’d shoot him if he’d run
    Yes, I’d kill him with my Bible
    And my razor and my gun

    God damn, the pusher
    God damn, the pusher
    I said God damn, God damn the pusher man”

    Every executive of Big Pharma is a Pusher Man, and should be treated as a disease that must be eradicated from the face of the land.

    Reply
  8. JBird

    90 per day? That’s almost 33,000. Car deaths are around 31-32 thousand, and gun deaths by all causes, (suicides, accidents, and homicides) are about the same. So more people might be dying from opioids than die from cars or guns. Nice. I like to get angry now.

    Reply
  9. Wukchumni

    The problem heretofore in our little burb’ was the meth-odd actors, and they would do goofy stuff like rearrange all the junk on their lawn @ 3 in the morning 3x a week, that sort of thing. Not too many of them around, but enough to notice.

    I was talking to a friend that works in our pharmacy in town, and asked if we have an opioid problem?

    She told me we have eensy-teensy issue with it, but nothing like the disaster zones back east that have been laid low by it.

    Reply
  10. Strategist

    Louis Theroux’s new series Dark States is on the BBC right now here in UK.
    Episode 1 Heroin Town is about Huntington West Virginia and is absolutely horrifying. So many good people ruined by these prescription opiates.
    Don’t know if this link to BBC i-player will work from the US, but here it is: https://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b0991fsb/louis-theroux-dark-states-1-heroin-town
    What I don’t get is – the USA is the home of the class action suit – so why has nobody sued the ass off these guys?

    Reply
      1. blennylips

        Do the Daily Motion links work?
        I am in the Dutch Caribbean and the BBC link does not work, but the DM links still work from here.

        This is a must watch for anyone like me, needing an intro to the reality on the ground (not lived in the US for over 15 years). Props to Louis Theroux – he gets others to open up while he disappears into the background.

        Powerful, stuff.

        Reply
    1. PhilM

      Your comment is spot on, in my opinion. I’m going to take some time to flesh it out, just because I don’t think it can be emphasized or repeated enough.

      The posted article presents an important part of the picture. To make opioids successful as illegal drugs of addiction, there has to be a marketing effort, and this article describes part of that effort. But currently, for opioids, the much, much, much more important one, not discussed in the article, is the multi-level marketing system of illegal distributors; pushers, pushers-users, casual users. The funding this marketing department is limitless, and that is because the drugs are illegal. It’s black-market Amway, with addictives. What a business model!

      The Swiss experience is that, by distributing heroin free in safe settings, the rate of addiction goes down. What happens is that the marketing department disappears: people no longer need to push the stuff to pay for their own addictions. When pushing stops, opportunities and incentives for addiction diminish. Duh.

      Perversely, then, the war on drugs is directly responsible for the opioid epidemic. The experience of the prison system is illustrative of what happens in society at large. It is of course not possible even to exclude illegal drugs from a high-security prison; all that happens is that they become an alternative currency. And that is exactly the experience out in the world, as well.

      Consider, if everyone were permitted, nay, encouraged, to grow their own safe, easy-to-use intoxicants, there would be very little market, and therefore no aggressive marketing, for expensive, life-theatening addictive substances. The use of opioids by people in pain would be genuinely facilitated and greatly reduced, at the same time, by that one policy. This is demonstrably true: it has been shown to be true over and over again in locales where access to that botanical intoxicant has been rendered a bit less onerous. Combine that with the Swiss policy for managing addiction, and now the social cost of opioid-related illness would drop to a fraction of its present level. This would happen in a year or two, not in a generation.

      As it is, each additional rule to “stem the opioid epidemic” does exactly the opposite. There are now millions of stories where people who are dependent (note the technical meaning of that term) on prescription drugs are driven by humiliation or restriction into become addicted (note the technical meaning of that term); and from there, onto the black market.

      All of this is nothing more than an exercise in organized mass torture and degradation by public policy. It is indeed a war, but not on drugs: it is a war on people who need drugs; an infliction of additional pain on the already helpless and, in many cases, a mechanism for debauching the innocent sufferer. It’s a horror show morally on par with the Spanish Inquisition–a mind-policing program that was also, as it happens, funded by Civil Forfeiture.

      Reply
    2. H. Alexander Ivey

      You seemed to have read and absorbed the LATimes piece, especially the author’s second opinion on ‘why’ there is an opioid epidemic. But I don’t see where you have read or understood this posting, which goes to length to explain, give examples, and supply details that support the LA’s first opinion as to ‘why’.

      As far as I can see, this postings’ explanations, examples, and details fully debunk your post.

      Reply
  11. Ned

    Perhaps it’s time for informed members of society to go after the responsible high level people at not just the legal and legislative level. Local lawsuits and direct street action in the communities where they live might be required. Their extended families that benefit from their ill gotten wealth need to be shamed by activists and just plain old vigilantes, with their names and connections to the drug money posted on paper based and electronic neighborhood bulletin boards, in social media, PTAs, civic organizations and places the profiteers frequent.

    Maybe these responsible CEOs and owners will want to do the right thing rather than require an armored car every time they want to venture out in public to get a latte or spend their ill gotten money. In Appalachian argot, Sometimes a good old fashioned American ass whooping is what it takes to protect our communities.

    I’m sending links to this page to every medical person I know.

    Reply
  12. Steve Ruis

    Gosh, a corporation wouldn’t do anything illegal would they? It would harm their reputation. Surely this report must be wrong. (Gag, puke …. !)

    Reply

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